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污水处理技术工艺

城镇及农村综合污水处理方法

发布日期:2018-10-10 / 发布者:鸿淳环保科技 / 点击:

WOGUOSHUIZIYUANDUANQUE,SUIZHEXINNONGCUNJIANSHEDEFAZHAN,CHENGZHENHUASHUIPINGZHUNIANTIGAO,XIAOCHENGZHENZHOUBIANRENKOUKUAISUZENGZHANG,DAOZHISHUIWURANXIANXIANGRIYIYANZHONG。XIANGCUNWUSHUICHULIJISHUNONGCUNWUSHUIYOUYUDIQUFENSAN,RENKOUSHULIANGJIAODA,SHOUJINANDENGYUANYINZAOCHENGNONGCUNWUSHUICHENGWEISHUIWURANDEZHUYAOZUCHENGYINSU,NONGCUNWUSHUIZHONGHAIYOUDALIANGDEYOUJIWUHEYOUDAN、LINDENGWUJIYANLEI。WUSHUICHULIJISHUHEYUANLIANWUSHUILAIYUANFENLEI,WUSHUICHULIYIBANFENWEISHENGCHANWUSHUICHULIHESHENGHUOWUSHUICHULI。SHENGCHANWUSHUIBAOKUOGONGYEWUSHUI、NONGYEWUSHUIYIJIYILIAOWUSHUIDENG,ERSHENGHUOWUSHUIJIUSHIRICHANGSHENGHUOCHANSHENGDEWUSHUI,SHIZHIGEZHONGXINGSHIDEWUJIWUHEYOUJIWUDEFUZAHUNHEWU,BAOKUO:①PIAOFUHEXUANFUDEDAXIAOGUTIKELI;②JIAOZHUANGHENINGJIAOZHUANGKUOSANWU;③CHUNRONGYE。QIYEWUSHUICHULIGONGYIYIBANYUANZESHI:GAIGEGONGYI,JIANSHAOWURAN,HUISHOULIYONG,ZONGHEFANGZHI,JISHUXIANJIN,JINGJIHELIDENG。ZAILIUCHENGXUANZESHIYINGZHUZHONGZHENGTIZUIYOU,ERBUZHISHIZHUIQIUMOUYIHUANJIEDEZUIYOU。XIAOCHENGZHENWUSHUIWURANCHENGDUJIAODA,WURANDIANJIAOJIZHONG,ZHUYAOWURANWUBAOKUOCOD、BOD、SS、TN、TPHENH3-N DENG。XIAOCHENGZHENZONGHEWUSHUIDANLINHANLIANGJIAOGAO,WEIJINGCHULI(processing)HUOJINGCHULIHOUWEIDABIAOZHUNJIUZHIJIEPAIFANGDAOJIANGHEHUBO,SHIBIHUIDAOZHISHUITIDEFUYINGYANGHUA,BUJINDUIQIZHONGDONGZHIWUDESHENGCUNZAOCHENGYINGXIANG,SHENZHIHUIWEIXIEHEHUSHENGTAIXITONGDEWENDING(JIESHI:WENGUANDING;MEIYOUBIANDONG)XING。

DAOZHIXIAOCHENGZHENSHUIHUANJINGWURANDEZHUYAOYUANYINKEYIGAIKUOWEI:GONGYEQIYE(Enterprise)PAIFANGDEWUSHUIZAOCHENGHUANJINGWURAN,JUMINSHENGHUOWUSHUIHEFEIQIWUDEWURAN,NONGYE、LINYEMIANYUANWURAN。

MUQIAN,XIFU- SHENGWUJIANGJIE(AB)FA、YANGHUAGOUFA、A/O GONGYI、A2/O GONGYI、XUNHUAN(continue)SHIHUOXINGWUNIFA(CAST)GONGYI、XUPISHIHUOXINGWUNIFA(SBR)FAZAIWOGUOCHENGSHIWUSHUI CHULICHANGZHONGJUNDEDAOYINGYONG。WUSHUICHULIGONGYIYICONGGUOQUZHIZHUZHONGYOUJIWUDEQUCHUFAZHANWEIXUYAOJUYOUJIAOHAODECHULINTUODANGONGNENG[4]。XUANZE(Select)YIZHONGJINGJI(Economy)、GAOXIAO(ɡāo xiào)、JIENENG(jieneng)、CAOZUOGUANLIFANGBIANDEWUSHUICHULIGONGYI,DUIJIEJUEXINNONGCUNJIXIAOCHENGZHENKUAISUJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDESHUIWURANWENTIYOUZHEHENDADEXIANSHIYIYI。

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HUNHESHANGYOUMOUZHILIUHESHIYINGEHEDEZHUYAOZHILIUZHIYI,QUANZHANG40km,YANTUSHUIZHIDADUOLIANGHAO,WEIYOUMOUZHENDEPAIWUKOUDUIHELIUHUANJINGYINGXIANGYANZHONG。GAIZHENSUIZHEJIANSHEDEFAZHAN,ZHOUBIANRENKOUZHUNIANZENGZHANG,JIAOTONGBIANLI。DANGAIZHENMEIYOUWUSHUICHULISHESHI,CHENGZHENWUSHUISUIZHEGUANDAO(Conduit)ZHIJIEPAIHE,DUIZHENGGEHEDAOZAOCHENGYANZHONGWURAN。

1 WURANJISHEJISHUIZHI

1.1 WURANGAIKUANG

GENJU2010 NIANJIANCE(Food Monitor)SHUJU,GAIZHILIUHESHUIZHI(SHIKONGJIANCEDUANMIAN)COD WEI186 mg/L。NH3-N DEZHILIANG(Mass)NONGDUWEI15.8 mg/L。WURANZHUANGKUANGJIAOWEIYANZHONG,WEILIEV LEISHUITI。GENJUXIANCHANGDIAOCHA,WURANZHUYAOLAIZIWANDIANZIZHENZONGHESHENGHUOWUSHUI,WUSHUILIANGWEI500 t/d。

1.2 SHEJISHUIZHI

ANZHAOGONGCHANGQIYEWURANYUANDEFEISHUIXUJINGDIANCHULIDADAOCJ3082-1999 HEDB 21/1627-2008 HOUZAIJINRUSHIZHENGWUSHUIGUANWANGXITONGDEYUANZE,SHEJILEWUSHUICHULISHESHIDEJINSHUISHUIZHIJIANBIAO1。

GENJUDB 21/1627-2008,XIANGMUWUSHUICHULISHESHICHUSHUIZHIXINGGB 18918-2002 DEYIJIB ZHIBIAO(target aim)。

2 GONGYIJISHEBEI(shèbèi)

2.1 CHULIGONGYIDEXUANZE

2.1.1YUCHULI

YUCHULISHIZAIYIJICHULIZHIQIANQUCHUWUSHUIZHONGDEDACHICUNPIAOFUWU、XUANFUWUHEWUJISHALIDENG,YIJIANSHAOHOUXUCHULIGOUZHUWUDEFUHE。GONGCHENGWUSHUISHUIZHIWEIDIANXINGDEXIAOCHENGZHENSHENGHUOWUSHUISHUIZHI,YUCHULIXITONGNICAIYONGGEZHAHECHENSHA、JISHUIZHUANGZHI(device),YIBIANYUHOUXUCHULIGOUZHUWUXIANGXIANJIE。

2.1.2ERJICHULI

GENJUGUONEIXIAOXINGWUSHUICHULIZHUANGZHIDEPUJIQINGKUANGJIGEGONGYITEDIANDEFENXI(Analyse),GONGCHENGXUANYONGYIGAILIANGA2/O GONGYIWEIJICHUDESHENGHUOWUSHUICHULIYITIHUA(Integration)ZHUANGZHICHULIGAILIUYUWUSHUI。

b03.jpg

GONGYILIUCHENG:SHENGHUOWUSHUIJINGGEZHAJINRUCHENJISHUIZHUANGZHI,YONGBENGTISHENGJINRUA2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYING(reaction)QI,GAIGONGYINENGYOUXIAOTIGAOYOUJIWUTUODANCHULINNENGLI,WUNIJIANLIANGKEYIDADAO50%YISHANG;LIYONGQIANZHIWUNIJIANLIANGDE(Mire-Decrement)YUANLI,ZHANGWUNILINGWUNIJIANLIANGJIZHI,NILINGKEDA60 d,TIGAOLEWEISHENGWUDENEIYUANDAIXIEZUOYONG,LIYONGGAOHANLIANGHUOXINGWUNIJISHUDADAOWUNIJIANLIANG,SHIWUSHUIZHONGCOD、BOD5HANLIANGDADAJIANGDI(reduce)。FANYINGQICHUSHUIJINGQINGSHUIXIAODUZHUANGZHIXIAODUHOUDABIAOPAIFANG。

QIZHONG,A2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQILIUCHENGJIANTU1。

2.2 ZHUYAOJIANGOUZHUWUJISHEBEI

2.2.1WUNICHI

WUNICHI1 ZUO,RONGJI16 m3,NEIZHI1 TAIWUNIHUILIUBENG。DANBENGTIJILIULIANG10 m3/h,YANGCHENG10 m,DIANJIGONGLV1.1 kW。

2.2.2 A2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQI

SHENGHUACHIJIANSHE2 ZUO,SHENGHUACHIDANZUOSHEJIZHILIANGLIULIANGWEI250 t/d。NEIHANERCHENCHIHEWUNIBENG。

DANCHISHEJICANSHU(parameter):FANYINGCHIYOUXIAORONGJI100m3,ZHANG10m、KUAN3.5 m,YOUXIAOCHISHEN3.5 m,CHAOGAO0.5 m。

SHEJIYUNXINGCANSHU:WUSHUIWENDU10℃,pH WEI7.0;BOD5WUNIFUHEWEI0.088 kg/,MLSS DEZHILIANGNONGDUWEI3.5g/L,FANYINGWUNILING14 d;ZONGTINGLIUSHIJIAN14.5 h,YANYANGDUAN、QUEYANGDUAN、HAOYANGDUANTINGLIUSHIJIANFENBIEWEI1.5、3.0、10 h;QISHUITIJIBI7:1,WUNIHUILIUTIJIBIWEI70%~100%,HUNHEYEHUILIUTIJIBIWEI120%~200%。

NEIZHI3 TAIWUNIBENG,DANBENGTIJILIULIANG7m3/h,YANGCHENG10m,DIANJIGONGLV0.75 kW。

2.2.3JIECHUCHI

XIAODUJIECHUCHI1 ZUO,JIENASHANGYIJISHENGHUACHENDIANZHUANGZHICHUSHUI,DANGYOUHUIYONGSHUIYAOQIUSHIJIANYOUHUIYONGDIAOJIESHUICHIDEZUOYONG。CHIYOUXIAORONGJIWEI18 m3,CHITIWEIDIXIAJUXINGGANGJIN(YINGWEN:steel bar)HUNNINGTUJIEGOU,DANGECHICUN4.0 m×1.5 m,CHISHEN3.5 m。

NEIZHI2 TAIQINGSHUIBENG(water pump),DANBENGTIJILIULIANG20 m3/h,YANGCHENG9m,DIANJIGONGLV1.5 kW。

2.2.4GUFENGJI(Draught Fan)FANG

GUFENGJIFANG1 ZUO,HEKONGZHISHIHEJIAN。GUFENGJIFANGDEMIANJI22.9 m2,ANZHUANG(ān zhuāng)1 ZUOJIQIGUANHE3 TAILUOCIFENGJI。FENGJITIJILIULIANG1.77 m3/min,DIANJIGONGLV3.0 kW。

3 YUNXINGQINGKUANG

3.1 WUSHUICHULIXIAOGUO

GAIGONGCHENGTOURUYUNXINGYILAI,WUSHUICHULIXIAOGUOWENDING,GEWURANWUCHULIXIAOGUOJIANBIAO2。

YOUBIAO2 KEYIKANCHU,CAIYONGYIGAILIANGA2/O GONGYIWEIYUANLIDEA2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQICHULIXIAOCHENGZHENSHENGHUOWUSHUICHULIXIAOGUOJIAOHAO,DUIGEWURANWUDOUJUYOUJIAOGAODEQUCHULV,BOD5、COD、SS、NH3-N、TN HETP DEQUCHULVFENBIEDADAO88.4%、86.9%、93.3%、82.9%、63.6%HE75%,CHUSHUISHUIZHIJUNDADAOGB 18918-2002 DEYIJIB YAOQIU,KEYIZAISHIJIZHONGYINGYONG。

3.2 JISHUTEDIANYUYOUSHI(JIESHI:NENGYADAODUIFANGDEYOULIXINGSHI)

YIGAILIANGA2/O GONGYIWEIJICHUDEA2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQIZONGHELEA2/O GONGYIHEGAILIANGUCTGONGYIDEYOUDIAN,YOUZHELIANGHAODESHENGWUTUODANCHULINXIAOGUO,TUODANNENGLIGAOYUCHUANTONGA2/O GONGYI。

b04.jpg

WEILEKEFUCHUANTONGA2/O GONGYIHUILIUWUNIZHONGDEXIAOSUANYANDUIYANYANGQUDEBULIYINGXIANG,ZAIYANYANGCHIZHIQIANZENGSHEYANYANG、QUEYANGDIAOJIECHI,LAIZIERCHENCHIDEHUILIUWUNIHETIJIFENSHU10%ZUOYOUDEJINSHUIJINRUQUEYANGCHI,TINGLIUSHIJIANWEI20~30 min,WEISHENGWULIYONGYUE10%JINSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUQUCHUHUILIUWUNIZHONGDENO3--N,XIAOCHUNO3--N DUIYANYANGCHIDEBULIYINGXIANG,CONGERBAOZHENGYANYANGCHIDEWENDINGXING。

A2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQIDEGONGYITEDIAN:

CHUSHUISHUIZHIGAO,ZHENDUIGAOXIAOSHENGWUTUODANCHULIN,JIESHENG(spare)HUAXUEYAOJI(pharmaceutics);

GUANLIFANGBIAN,KANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLIQIANG,YUNXINGWENDING;

WUNIFEIGAOXIAO,SHENGYUWUNILINDEZHILIANGFENSHU3%~5%,KEYONGZUOWUNIDUIFEI。

A2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQISUIRANJIEJUELECHUANTONGA2/O GONGYIZHONGYANYANGDUANHUILIUWUNIZHONGXIAOSUANYANDUIFANGLINDEYINGXIANG,DANZENGJIAYANYANG、QUEYANGDIAOJIECHI,ZHANDIMIANJIJITUJIANFEIYONGXUXIANGYINGZENGJIA。

3.3 JISHUJINGJIZHIBIAO

GAIGONGCHENGZHANDIMIANJI1 000 m2,LAODONGDINGYUAN4 REN。WUSHUICHULINENGLI500 t/d。

ZONGTOUZI(YIYI:SHIWEILAISHOUYIDELEIJI)203.42 WANYUAN,QIZHONGGONGCHENGFEIYONG147.25 WANYUAN,SHEBEIBUFENTOUZI15 WANYUAN,PUDILIUDONGZIJIN(funds)0.98 WANYUAN。

WAIGOUYUANCAILIAO、RANLIAOJIDONGLIFEIJUNANNIANXIAOHAOLIANGJISUAN,MEIRENNIANGONGZI18 000 YUAN,XIULIFEIANJIANSHETOUZIDE0.5%JISUAN,QITAFEIYONGANYUANCAILIAO、RANLIAOJIDONGLI、ZHIGONGXINCHOU、XIULIFEI、ZHEJIUFEIYONGHETANXIAOFEIYONGZHIHEDE5%。XIANGMUCHULICHENGBEN(Cost)WEI1.18 YUAN/t,TOUZIHUISHOUQI12.5 a。

XIANGMUDETOUZIHUISHOUQIJIGEXIANGCAIWUZHIBIAOJUNFUHEYAOQIU。JIANSHEGAIXIANGMUBUJINGAISHANLESHUIWURANXIANZHUANG,CONGCAIWUJIAODU(angle)YESHIKEXINGDE。

4 JIELUN

A2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQICHULISHENGHUOWUSHUIJUYOUJIAOHAODECHULIXIAOGUO,BOD5、COD、SS、NH3-N、TN HETP DEQUCHULVFENBIEDADAO88.4%、86.9%、93.3%、82.9%、63.6%HE75%YISHANG,CHUSHUIDADAOGB18918-2002 YIJIB YAOQIU。

A2/O QIANZHIM-D DIMAISHIYITIHUASHENGWUFANYINGQIGONGYILIUCHENGJIANDAN、CAOZUOGUANLIFANGBIAN、HUANJINGYOUHAO、YUNXINGFEIYONGDI,MEIDUNSHUICHULIFEIYONGJINWEI1.18 YUAN,KEYIZAIWUSHUICHULILINGYUGUANGFANYINGYONG。

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