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污水处理技术工艺

畜禽养殖废水的处理分析

发布日期:2019-05-18 / 发布者:鸿淳环保科技 / 点击:

GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,SUIZHEWOGUOJINGJIDEFAZHANHERENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDEBUDUANTIGAO,DUICHUJIANADApcYUCEGUANWANGDEXUQIUYEZAIBUDUANZENGJIA。ZAIGUOJIAYIXILIEJIAKUAICHUMUYEFAZHANDEZHENGCETUIDONGXIA,CHUMUCHANYEYOUYUANLAIFENSANJINGYING、SHAOLONGTOUXIAOHUJINGYINGZHUANBIANWEIGUIMOHUA、JIYUEHUA、GUIMOHUADEDOUSHIHUAYANGZHI。DANSHI,ZAITIGAOGUANLISHUIPINGHEROUZHIPINSHENGCHANSHUIPING、ZENGJIAJINGJISHOURUDETONGSHI,YEZAOCHENGLEFENBIANGUODUJIZHONG、CHONGCESHUIDALIANGZENGJIADENGWENTI,JISHENGTAIHUANJINGDAILAILEHENDADEYALI。BENWENZHUYAOZONGSHULECHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDELAIYUAN、SHUIZHITEZHENGJIWEIHAI,ZHONGDIANJIESHAOLEJIZHONGCHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUICHULIJISHU。

1CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDELAIYUANHESHUIZHITEZHENG

CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUISHIZHICHUQINYANGZHICHANGCHANSHENGDENIAOYE、SUOYOUFENBIANHUOCANLIUFENBIANJISILIAOCANZHA、GONGRENRICHANGSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDECHONGCESHUIHEFEISHUI,QIZHONGCHONGCESHUIZHANDADUOSHU[1]。CHUQINFEISHUICHULIKUNNAN,JUYOUYIXIATEDIAN:

ZHUYAOJIEGUORUXIA:(1)COD、SS、NH3-NHANLIANGJIAOGAO;

(2)JUYOULIANGHAODESHENGWUJIANGJIEXINGHECHENDIANXINGNENG。

(SAN)SHUIZHI、SHUILIANGBIANHUAJIAODA;

(4)HANYOUZHIBINGJUNHEECHOU。

CHUQINYANGZHIZHENGZAIXUNSUFAZHAN。MUQIANWOGUOMEINIANSHENGCHANSHENGCHUFENBIANYUE45YIDUN,QIHUAXUEXUYANGLIANG(COD)CHAOGUOLEZHONGGUOGONGYEFEISHUIHESHENGHUOWUSHUIDEZONGHE。YINCI,CHUMUWURANSHIGONGYEWURANHEGUONEIWURANHOUDEDISANDAWURANYUAN。CHUQINFEISHUIDECHULISHIQIZHONGDEZHONGDIANZHIYI[2]。

2CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDEWEIHAI

SUIZHECHUQINYANGZHIYEDEFAZHAN,CHUQINYANGZHIYEDEWURANHEWEIHAIRIYITUCHU。WEIJINGCHULIZHIJIEPAIFANGDEFEISHUIWANGWANGHUIDUIHUANJINGHERENTIZAOCHENGXIANGYINGDEWEIHAI。

2.1 DAQIWURAN

CHUQINFENBIANHENIAOYEZHONGHANYOUDALIANGWEIXIAOHUADEYOUJIWU,ZHUYAOYOUTANSHUIHUAHEWUHEDANHUAHEWUZUCHENG。TANSHUIHUAHEWUKEYIFENJIECHENGJIAWAN、YOUJISUANHECHUN。DANHUAHEWUZHUYAOSHIDANBAIZHI。ZAIHAOYANGTIAOJIANXIA,DANBAIZHIFENJIEDEZUIZHONGCHANWUSHIXIAOSUANYAN,ZAIYANYANGTIAOJIANXIA,KEFENJIEWEIANQI、YIXICHUN、ERJIAJILIUMI、LIUHUAQING、JIAAN、SANJIAANDENGECHOUQITI。DUIYUHANYOUANQI、LIUHUAQING、ANDENGYOUHAIQITIDEXINPAIXIECHUQINFENBIAN,RUGUOBUJISHIQINGCHU,QICHOUWEIJIANGJIABEI,CHANSHENGJIALIUCHUN、ERJIAJIERLIUHUAWU、JIALIUMI、ERJIAANDENGECHOUQITI,YIJIGEZHONGDIJIZHIFANGSUAN[3]。ZHEIXIEDAQIWURANWUBUJINJINONGCHANGGONGZUORENYUANHEZHOUBIANJUMINDAILAIJIANKANGWEIHAI,HAIZAOCHENGLEXIAOGUIMODEJIUFENHEMAODUN,YINGXIANGLEGAIDIQUDEZHANGQIWENDING。TONGSHI,CHUQINYANGZHIYESHENGCHANDEDALIANGANQIYICHENGWEIWENSHIQITIDEZHONGYAOLAIYUANZHIYI。

2.2 SHUIWURAN

CHUQINSILIAOZHONGTIANJIALEGAI、LIN、TONG、TIE、XIN、MENG、GU、XI、DIANDENGDALIANGYUANSU,CHUQINFENBIANZHONGYETIANJIALEDAN、LIN、BODDENGWUJIHEYOUJIWURANWU,SHENZHIHANYOUYIXIEKANGSHENGSU。ZHEIXIECHENGFENSHIDECHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUICHENGFENFUZA,WURANFUHEHENGAO。WEIJINGSHIDANGCHULIDEFEISHUITONGGUOBIAOCENGTURANGSHENRUDIBIAOSHUITIHUODIXIASHUICENG,WURANSHUITI。ZAIYANZHONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,SHUITIFACHOU、FAHEI、SANGSHIGONGNENG,HENNANZHILIAOHEHUIFU。QIZHONGZUICHANGJIANDESHIFUYINGYANGHUA。LIRU,TAIHUFUYINGYANGHUASHIYOUYUNONGTIANGAONONGDUDANLINFEISHUIPAIRULIUYUERYINQIDE[3]。

2.3 TURANGWURAN

GAONONGDUYANGZHIFEISHUIZHANGQIBUJINGCHULIZHIJIEPAIFANGDAOTURANGZHONG,HUIDAOZHITURANGKONGXIDUSAI,JIANGDITURANGTOUQIXINGHETOUSHUIXING,YINGXIANGTUDILIYONGXINGNENG,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGZUOWUDESHENGZHANGZHILIANG。ZUOWUDEGUODUSHENGZHANG、DAOFU、FANQING、ZAOSHU、JIANCHAN、SIWANGDENGXIANXIANGSHIYOUGAONONGDUWUSHUIZHANGQIWURANYINQIDEZUOWUBIAOXIANXIAJIANGSUOZHI[3]。YISHENWEILI,JINNIANLAI,MEITIXUANCHUANYOUJISHENZHIJINENGCUJINZHUDESHENGZHANG,JUYOULIANGHAODEYILIAOXIAOGUO。JUYUCE,RUGUOYIWANGEZHUCHANGJIXUSHIYONGHANSHENSILIAO,JIANGYOUKENENGXIANGZHUCHANGZHOUBIANPAIFANG1DUNSHEN5-8TIAN。TURANGSHENHANLIANGMEIZENGJIA1 mg/kg,GANSHUGENXISHENHANLIANGZAI10TIANNEIZENGJIA0.28 mg/kg,GANSHUZHONGSHENHANLIANGJIANGCHAOGUOWUNINONGYEBIAOZHUN(41 mg/kg)[4]。

2.4 WEISHENGWUWURAN

CHUQINDEWEISHENGWUZHUYAOTONGGUOXIAOHUADAOPAICHU,FENBIANSHIWEISHENGWUDEZHUYAOZAITI。JIEGUOBIAOMING,1gZHUCHANGFENBIANWURANSHUIZHONGDACHANGGANJUN830000ZHU,CHANGQIUJUN690000ZHI,JISHENGCHONGLUAN690000ZHI。RUGUOZHEIXIEYOUHAIXIJUNCHULIBUDANG,HUIWURANHUANJING,BUJINZHIJIEWEIXIECHUQINDESHENGCUN,ERQIEYANZHONGWEIHAIRENLEIJIANKANG。FENBIANZHONGDEBINGYUANWEISHENGWUKEYIZHANGQIWEICHIQIGANRAN。LIRU,ZAISHIWENXIADUOSHABASHIGANJUNDEFENBIANZHONG,DUOSHABASHIGANJUNBINGDU、MALIKESHIBINGDUHEQINLIUGANBINGDUZAI4℃[4]ZHONGKECHIXUGANRAN34TIAN、100TIANHE30TIAN。

GUONEIWAICHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUICHULIJISHUDEYANJIUXIANZHUANG

YOUYUCHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUISUODAILAIDEYANZHONGHUANJINGYALI,YENEIXUDUOXIANGGUANZHUANJIADUIQICHULIJISHUJINXINGLEDUOFANGMIANDEYANJIU。MUQIAN,CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDECHULIZHUYAOCONGYUANTOUKONGZHIHEMODUANCHULILIANGGEFANGMIANZHESHOU。YUANTOUKONGZHIQIANGDIAOJIANGDIFENBIANHENIAOYEZHONGYOUJIWUDEHANLIANG[1];YONGQINGJIEDEGANPAIBIANGONGYIQUDAIYUANLAIDEFENBIANHESHUIPAOFENBIANCHONGXIGONGYI[4];GULISHIYONGSHENGWUFAJIAOSHIJISHUSHIXIANFENBIANHENIAOYEDELINGPAIFANG[5]。GENJUCHULIFANGSHIDEBUTONG,MODUANCHULIJISHUKEFENWEISANZHONGLEIXING:XIANCHANGHUIGUANMOSHI、ZIRANCHULIMOSHIHEGONGYECHULIMOSHI[6]。

3.1 HAITIANCHULIMOSHI

HAICHANGMOXINGYINGYONGFENBIANNIAOYEHECHONGSHUIDAOTURANG。ZAIWEISHENGWUHEZHIWUDEGONGTONGZUOYONGXIA,YOUJIWUKEYIBEIFENJIE、XISHOUHELIYONG。TABUJINTIGAOLETURANGFEILI,CUJINLEZHIWUDESHENGZHANGHEFAZHAN,ERQIEJIANGDILEHUAFEIHEQITAYONGTUDECHENGBENHETURANGYASHI[3],RANER,ZHEIZHONGFANGFAXUYAODAMIANJIDENONGTIANLAIQINGCHUWURANWU,YINCI,YIXIEOUZHOUGUOJIAYIJINGGAIBIANLETAMENDESIYANGFANGSHI,CONGXISHUIBANGGAIWEICHUANTONGDEDAOCAOHUOZUOWUCAODIANLAIXISHOUNIAOYEFENBIAN。JINGGUOCHULIHOU,FEILIAOJIANSHAODAONONGTIAN。SHANGSHIJI70NIANDAI,JINGGUOSHIDUONIANDETANSUO,RIBENTIELUKAISHIDALITUIDONGNONGYEFEISHUIDEHUILIU。ZHONGFANWAIDIDEHAOCHUSHIBUXIAOHAONENGYUAN,BUXUYAOZHUANYERENYUANGUANLI,YUNYINGCHENGBENDI,JIESHENGLEDALIANGTOUZIHEYUNYINGFEIYONG,TAHAISHIWURANWUDEDAOYOUXIAOCHUZHIHEJINGJILIYONG。TABUJINKEYISHIXIANWUWURANWUPAIFANG,ERQIEKEYIJIANSHAOHUAFEIDESHIYONG,TIGAOTURANGZHILIANG。RANER,BUKEHUSHIDESHI,SHUICHANYANGZHIFEISHUIJIANGJIECHANSHENGDEnh3HEh2sHUIDUIDAQIHUANJINGHERENLEIJIANKANGZAOCHENGWEIHAI。YINCI,YIXIEOUZHOUGUOJIAJIANGZAIYANYANGXIAOHUAHOU,JIANGCHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUISONGHUIYEWAI。[3]HE.

3.2 ZIRANCHULIMOSHI

CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDEZIRANCHULIMOSHISHITONGGUOGUOLV、JIELIU、CHENDIAN、LIHUAXIFU、HUAXUEFENJIE、SHENGWUYANGHUA、XIFUDENGSHOUDUANDUICHUQINFEISHUIJINXINGCHULI。YANGHUACHI、TUDICHULIXITONGHUORENGONGSHIDIYONGYUCHULICHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUI[4]。YANGHUACHIZHONGDEGEZHONGSHENGWUXIANGHUYILAI,XINGCHENGFUHESHENGTAIXITONG。ZHANGQITINGLIUZAICHITANGZHONGDEWUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWU、DAN、LINDENGYINGYANGWUZHIBEIZHIWUYANGHUAFENJIE,CHULIHOUDEWUSHUIKEYONGYUNONGTIANGUANGAI。RENGONGSHIDIZHUYAOSHITONGGUOZHIWUDEGEN、JINGHEJIZHIDEBIAOCENGQUCHUWUSHUIZHONGJIAODADEKELIXINGCHENGYICENGWUNI,ERDALIANGDEYANGQIZAIZHIWUGENXIDEZUOYONGXIAJINRUWUSHUI。JIEGUOBIAOMING,WUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUBEIDALIANGHAOYANGXIJUNJIANGJIEHEXISHOU,JINGYANYANGJUNDEJINYIBUXIFUHEJIANGJIEHOU,DADAOLEPAIFANGBIAOZHUN[7]。LIAOXINLIHELUOSHIMINGFENBIEYIXIANGGENCAOHEFENGCHECAOWEIZHIBEIJIANZAOLERENGONGSHIDI。CODQUCHULVZAI90%YISHANG,BODQUCHULVZAI80%YISHANG。DENGRENHUAIDENGRENLIYONGLUWEI、CHANGPUDENGGAODENGSHUISHENGZHIWUXITONGHEFENGXINZI、SHUIZHUDENGFUSHENGZHIWUXITONG,JIANLILEYUE300m2DESHIDIXITONG。DUIYANGZHIFEISHUIZHONGCODHEBODDEQUCHULVJUNZAI99%YISHANG。ANDANQUCHULVDA98%[9]。MOXIGEWANXIANGMUJIANLILEYIGECHULISHUICHANYANGZHIFEISHUIDESHUJUKU。JIEGUOBIAOMING,WURANWUDUISHENGHUAXUYANGLIANGDEPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI65%,DUIGUTIXUANFUWUDEPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI53%,DUIANDANDEPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI48%,DUITPDEPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI42%,DUITNDEPINGJUNQUCHULVWEI42%[10]。YEYONGDENGRENYONGHONGSHULINZHIWUQIUQIE(Kandelia Candel)HESHANMU(KandeliaPIZHENYE)CHULICHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIZHONGDEDANHELIN。DUINHEPDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI79.2%HE91.8%,DUIPDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI85.4%HE95.5%[11]。JIEGUOBIAOMING,GAIGONGYIDUIN、PDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI79.2%、91.8%、85.4%、95.5%。RANER,ZIRANCHULIMOSHISHOUDAOJIJIEWENDUBIANHUADEYINGXIANG,YUFANGHEKONGZHIBULI,CUNZAIWURANDIXIASHUIYUANDEFENGXIAN[3]。

3.3 GONGYECHULIMOSHI

YOUYUZAIYEWAITUIGENGHAILINHEZIRANCHULIMOSHIZHONG,YONGYUQUCHUHUOCHULIFENBIANWUSHUIDETUDIYUELAIYUESHAO,YIJIZHEIZHONGCHULIFANGSHIDAILAIDEERCIWURANFENGXIAN,GONGYECHULIMOSHIYUELAIYUESHOUDAOZHONGSHI。GONGYECHULIMOSHIBAOKUOWUHUACHULIJISHUHESHENGWUCHULIJISHULIANGDALEI。

3.3.1WULIHEHUAXUECHULIJISHU

CHANGYONGDELIHUACHULIJISHUYOUXIFU、CIXUNINGCHENDIAN、DIANHUAXUEYANGHUA、FENDUNYANGHUADENG。

(1) XIFUFA

LIANGWENDINGDENGRENSHIYONGYANGHUAMEIGAIXINGFEISHI。ZAIDI4XIAOSHIDEZUIJIASHIJIAN,ZHUFEISHUIZHONGDEnh 3-nHEZONGLINDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI88.6<unk>HE76.2<unk;GT;。ZHEIZHONGFANGFADEGAIXINGFEISHISHIYONGWEIBOZHICHENGDE。NENGYUANXIAOHAOGAO,JISHUYAOQIUGAO。DANGXIFUJIDADAOBAOHESHIBIXUQUCHU,YINCIZHINENGJIANXIECHULIFEISHUI[13]。

(2) CIXUNINGCHENDIAN

CUILINADENGRENTONGGUOTIANJIACIXINGZHONGZIHEXUNINGJICHULIZHUCHANGFEISHUI。ZAIBENSHIYANTIAOJIANXIA,DANGCODZHIWEI32323 mg/LSHI,ZHUCHANGFEISHUIDEZUIGAOQUCHULVWEI61.02%,GAIGONGYIJUYOUGONGYIJIANDAN、CHENJIANGHAO、CHULIZHOUQIDUANDENGYOUDIAN,DANHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDEHUAXUEWUNI[14]。

(3)DIANHUAXUEYANGHUA

DIANHUAXUEYANGHUADUIANDANDEQUCHULVJIAOGAO。ZAI180 minNEI,NH3-NDEQUCHULVKEDA98.22%,CODDEQUCHULVJINWEI14.04%[15]。

(4)FentonYANGHUA

Hyunee LeeDENGRENCAIYONGFentonYANGHUAFACHULICHUQINFEISHUI,CODWEI5000-5700 mg/L,DANGH2O2NONGDUWEIFEISHUICHUSHICODNONGDUDE1.05BEISHI,Fe2+NONGDUWEI4700 mg/L,H2O2YUFe2+MOERBIWEI2,pHZHIWEI3.5-4,CODHESEDUQUCHULVJIAOGAO。FANYING30FENZHONGHOUFENBIECHAOGUO80%HE95%。FentonYANGHUAJISHUJUYOUJIAOGAODECODHESEDUQUCHULV,KEZUOWEICHUQINFEISHUIDEXIANJINCHULIJISHU,DANFe2+HANLIANGGAO,H2O2LIYONGLVDI[16]。

WUHUAJISHUDUICHUQINFEISHUIZHONGDEXUEYU、nh 3-nHESEDUYOUYIDINGDEQUCHULV,KEZUOWEIYUCHULIHUOSHENDUCHULIGUOCHENG。

3.3.2SHENGWUCHULIJISHU

CHUQINFEISHUIJUYOULIANGHAODESHENGWUKEJIANGJIEXING,YINCICAIYONGSHENGWUCHULIJISHUDUICHUQINFEISHUIJINXINGGONGYECHULI。GONGYESHENGWUCHULIJISHUBAOKUO:YANYANGCHULIJISHU、HAOYANGCHULIJISHUHEYANYANG-HAOYANGZUHEJISHU.

(1)YANYANGSHENGWUCHULIJISHU

MUQIANCHANGYONGDECHUQINFEISHUICHULIFANGFAZHUYAOYOU:YANYANGLVCHI(AF)、SHANGYOUYANYANGWUNICHUANG(USAB)、YANYANGDANGBAN(ABR)、NEIXUNHUANYANYANGFANYINGQI(IC)DENG。CAIYONGJICHENGDIANLUJISHUDUICHUQINFEISHUIJINXINGLEYANJIU。JIEGUOBIAOMING,CODQUCHULVWEI80.3%,BOD 5QUCHULVWEI95.8%,SSQUCHULVWEI78.5%,ZHAOQICHANQILIANGWEI1.5-3kg COD/(m3.d)。CHUSHUIANDANNONGDUBIJINSHUIGAO2.82%,TN、TPQUCHULVFENBIEWEI21.7%HE53.8%[17]。SONGWEIDENG。LIYONGYANYANGDANGBAN(ABR)CHULICHUQINFEISHUI。SHIYANCODWEI8000-10000mg/L,CHUSHUICODQUCHULVWEI65%[18]。ZHAOQINGLINGDENGRENLIYONGPENGZHANGKELIWUNICHUANG(egsb)CHULISHUICHANYANGZHIFEISHUI。JINSHUICODNONGDUYUEWEI6000 mg/L,CHUSHUICODQUCHULVKEDA80%[19]。GUOQU,DADUOSHUCHUQINYANGZHICHANGZHIJIEYANYANGCHULIXIANGMUDEZHUYAOMUDESHIHUISHOUZHAOQINENGYUAN。CHUQINYANGZHICHANGFEISHUIYANYANGCHULIGONGYIBUNENGZUOWEIYIZHONGWANZHENGDEFEISHUICHULIGONGYI。YANYANGCHULIGUOCHENGZHIQUCHUBUFENYOUJIWUHEXUANFUWU。JINGCHULIHOU,CHUSHUIRONGJIEYANGHANLIANGDI,DAN、LINDENGYINGYANGWUZHIMEIYOUDEDAOYOUXIAOQUCHU。TONGSHI,ZAIYANYANGXIAOHUAGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUJIDANZHUANHUAWEIANDAN。WUSHUIZHONGANDANNONGDUHENGAO,CHUSHUISHUIZHISHANGWEIDADAOBIAOZHUN。RUGUOXIANGHUANJINGPAIFANGSHUIDEYALIRENGRANHENDA,SUIZHEGUOJIADUIHUANJINGBAOHUDEZHONGSHI,RUGUOCHUSHUISHUIZHIDADAOPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,XUYAOJINYIBUCHULI。

(ER)XUYANGSHENGWUCHULIJISHU

HAOYANGSHENGWUCHULIJISHU:HUOXINGWUNIFA、JIECHUYANGHUAFA、SHENGWUZHUANPANFA、XUPISHIHUOXINGWUNIFAHEA/OFA。ZHEIXIEGONGYIZAICHUQINFEISHUICHULIZHONGDEFANXIAOHUAXIAOGUOJIAOCHA。A/OGONGYISUIRANNENGQUDEJIAOHAODETUODANXIAOGUO,DANXUYAOWUNIHUILIUHEGAOBILIHUNHEHUILIU,QIEYIBANXUYAOJIAJIAN。DENGLIANGWEICAIYONGSHUIJIE-LIANXUJIANXIEHUOXINGWUNIFA(SBR)CHULICHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUI。SHUIJIEGUOCHENGZHONGCODQUCHULVJIAOGAO。SHUILITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI2.0~6.0hSHI,GEXIANGZHIBIAODEQUCHULVBUSHIHENGAO。SBRZAISHUILITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI1.0~1.4dSHI,DUICOD、BOD、SSHESSDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI52.1%、82.1%、89.0%、95.7%、93.9%HE97.3%,ERDUIBODDEQUCHULVZEFENBIEWEI52.1%、82.1%、89.0%、95.7%、93.9%HE97.3%。BOD、SSFENBIEWEI52.1%、82.1%、89.0%、95.7%、93.9%HE97.3%。DUITNDEQUCHULVWEI74.1%,TEBIESHIDUIGAONONGDUNH3-NDEQUCHULVDAYU97%[20]。CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUISHUYUYOUJIWUNONGDUGAO、DANLINHANLIANGGAO、YOUHAIWEISHENGWUGAODESANDALEIFEISHUI,CAIYONGDANYIDEHAOYANGCHULIGONGYI,YOUBIYAODUIFEISHUIJINXINGXISHIHUOZENGJIASHUILITINGLIUSHIJIAN。CIWAI,HAIXUYAOJIANZAODAGUIMODEJIAGONGSHEBEI,ZHEIDADAZENGJIALETOUZI、GUANLIHEYUNYINGDECHENGBEN。

(3)YANYANG(QUEYANG)HAOYANGCHULIGONGYI

DANDUYANYANGHUOHAOYANGCHULIBUNENGSHIXIANYANGZHIFEISHUIDEDABIAOPAIFANG。JIEHEGEZIDEYOUSHI,DADUOSHUCHUQINYANGZHICHANGCAIYONGYANYANG(QUEYANG)-HAOYANGXIANGJIEHEDEYANGZHIGONGYI。CAIYONGYANYANG-HAOYANGZUHEGONGYICHULIHANGZHOUSHIGAONONGDUYANGZHIFEISHUI。CHUSHUICODWEI400 mg/LZUOYOU,BODWEI140 mg/LZUOYOU。CHUSHUICODHEANDANJUNDADAOPAIFANGBIAOZHUN[21]。ZHANGXINDENGRENCAIYONGSHENGLIUSHIYANYANGWUNICHUANGYULIANXUJIANXIESHIHUOXINGWUNIFA(ASBR-SBR)ZUHEGONGYICHULISHUICHANYANGZHIFEISHUI。CODHEANDANDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI96%HE87%。CHUSHUISHUIZHIDADAO“CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIPAIFANGBIAOZHUN”[22,23]DEYAOQIU。P.Y.YangDENGRENTICHULEGUYEFENLI、YANYANGDANYUAN(HRT=3D)、HAOYANGDANYUAN(HRT=4d)HEGUOLVCHUSHUICHULIDANYUANDEZUHEGONGYI。DANGHAOYANGDANYUANPUQI20h,CHENDIAN4hSHI,CODHETPDEQUCHULVFENBIEWEI95.4%HE81.2%。YANYANG-HAOYANGZUHECHULIFANGFABUJINKEFULEYANYANGCHULIBUNENGMANZUYAOQIUDEQUEDIAN,ERQIEJUYOUTOUZISHAO、YUNXINGCHENGBENDI、JINGHUAXIAOGUOHAO、NENGYUANHEHUANJINGZONGHEXIAOYIGAODENGYOUDIAN。TEBIESHIYONGYUDAXINGCHUQINYANGZHICHANGWUSHUIDECHULI[24]。DANSHI,GAIFANGFARENGCUNZAIYIXIEJISHUNANDIAN:YANYANGHUOQUEYANGCHUSHUICODJIAODI,BUNENGMANZUHOUXUHAOYANGCHULIXITONGZHONGWEISHENGWUTUODANDEXUYAO,WAIJIATANYUANDESHULIANGBUYIKONGZHI。ZHEIYEJIANGSHIWEILAIYANJIUDEZHONGJIE[2]。

4SHUIJIESUANHUA-A2/OZUHEGONGYI

YUa2/oGUOCHENGJIEHESHIYONGDESHUIJIESUANHUAGUOCHENGDEJISHU。TONGGUOSHUIJIEWEISHENGWUHECHANSUANWEISHENGWULAITIGAOWUSHUIDESHENGHUAXINGNENG,RANHOUJIANGWUSHUIYINRUa2/oFANYINGQI,ZAIJINRUYANYANGCHI-CIYANGCHI-XUYANGCHI,ZUIHOUCHUSHUI。JUTIGUOCHENGRUTU4-1SUOSHI。

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SHUIJIESUANHUAGONGYILIUCHENG-A2/O

SHOUXIAN,WUSHUIJINRUSHUIJIESUANHUACHI,SHUIJIEWEISHENGWUJIANGDAFENZIYOUJIWUZHUANHUAWEIXIAOFENZIYOUJIWU,CHANSUANWEISHENGWUJIANGSHUIJIECHANWUZHUANHUAWEIDUANLIANZHONGXINGYOUJIWU,RUYOUJISUAN、CHUNDENG。CHANSHENGERYANGHUATAN、QINGQIHEQITAQITI。ZAIA2/OGONGYIZHONG,SUANHUAWUSHUIYUERCHENCHIDEHANLINWUNIHUILIUYETONGBUJINRUYANYANGCHI。ZAIYANYANGTIAOJIANXIA,BUFENKERONGXINGYOUJIWUBEIJIANXINGYANYANGJUNZHUANHUAWEIXIAOFENZIHUIFAXINGZHIFANGSUAN。WUSHUIZHONGBODANDANNONGDUJIANGDIDETONGSHI,JULINJUNJIANGZHEIXIEXIAOFENZIYOUJIWUHECHENGDAOPHBZHONGBINGCHUCUNZAIXIBAONEI,TONGSHIJIANGPSHIFANGCHUXIBAOWAI,TIGAOLEWUSHUIZHONGPDEHANLIANG。YANYANGCHIPAICHUDEWUSHUIHENEIHUILIUDEHUNHEWUYIQIJINRUQUEYANGCHI。ZAIERJIFANYINGQIZHONG,FANXIAOHUAXIJUNSUOXUDETANYUANLAIYUANYUWUSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWU,BODNONGDUCHIXUXIAJIANG。TONGSHI,FANXIAOHUAXIJUNTONGGUOFANXIAOHUAZUOYONGTUODAN,NEIBUXUNHUAHUNHEWUZHONGDENO3-NHENO2-NBEIHAIYUANWEIN2BINGSHIFANGDAOKONGQIZHONG。SUIHOU,DANGWUSHUIJINRUHAOYANGCHISHI,YOUJIWUJIXUBEIJIANGJIE,YOUJIDANZAIANHUAXIJUNHEXIAOHUAXIJUNDEZUOYONGXIABEIANHUAHEXIAOHUA,DAOZHINH_3-NXIANZHUJIANGDI,NO3-NHENO_2-NHANLIANGXIANZHUZENGJIA。ZAIANHUAXIJUNHEXIAOHUAXIJUNDEZUOYONGXIA,NH_3-NXIANZHUJIANGDI,NO_3-NHENO_2-NHANLIANGXIANZHUZENGJIA。TONGSHI,JULINJUNZAIHAOYANGHUANJINGZHONGDALIANGSHENGZHANGFANZHI,ZAISHUITIHESHUITIZHONGGUOLIANGXISHOURONGJIEXINGLIN,TONGGUOYUNICHENJIANGDADAOCHULINDEXIAOGUO。

SHUIJIESUANHUA-A2 / OZUHEGONGYIDEZUIJIACAOZUOTIAOJIANWEI:SHUIJIESUANHUACAODESHUILITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI8h,A2 / OFANYINGQIZHONGDEHUILIUWUNIBILVKONGZHIZAI70%,HUILIUBIWEIHUNHEWUKONGZHIZAI300%。YANGCHIZHONGDERONGJIEYANGNONGDUKONGZHIZAI3ml / L,A2 / OFANYINGQIDEZONGSHUILITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI15XIAOSHI。BENSHIYANZHONG,FEISHUIZHONGCODDEZONGQUCHULVDADAO88.6%,CHUSHUICODPINGJUNNONGDUDADAO290mg / L,FEISHUIZHONGTPDEZONGQUCHULVPINGJUNWEI85.4%,PINGJUNNONGDUWEICHUSHUIZHONGDETPWEI5.6mg。 / L,FEISHUIZHONGANDANDEZONGQUCHULVDADAO75.8%,CHUSHUIZHONGANDANDEPINGJUNNONGDUWEI57.6mg / L,SSDEPINGJUNQUCHULVKEDA95.23%,SSDEPINGJUNQUCHULVWEICHUSHUILIANGYUEWEI62.5mg / L,CHUSHUIJUNFUHE“CHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN”(GB18596-2001)[3,23]。

5。CHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANKONGZHIJISHUGUIFANTICHUDEJISHUMOXING

ZAIXUANZECHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUICHULIGONGYISHI,YINGGENJUCHUQINYANGZHICHANGDEYANGZHILEIXING、YANGZHIGUIMO、FENBIANSHOUJIFANGSHI、DANGDIZIRANDILIHUANJINGTIAOJIANHECHULIMUBIAO,CHONGFENKAOLVCHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDETESHUXING。ZAIZONGHELIYONGHUODABIAOPAIFANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,YINGYOUXIANXUANZEYUNXINGCHENGBENDIDECHULIGONGYI,BINGRENZHENXUANZEWUHUACHULIGONGYI。ZAI“CHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANKONGZHIJISHUGUIFAN”ZHONG,FENBIANWURANCHULIDEJIBENGONGYIMOSHIIISHIYONGYU2000JIYIXIAZHUZANGLAN(ZHU)DECHULIHEYANGZHIGUIMO,YANGZHICHANGWEIYUFEIHUANJINGMINGANQU,ZHOUBIANHUANJINGRONGLIANGDA,YUANLICHENGSHI,YOUNENGYUANXUQIU,ZHOUWEIYOUZUGOUDETUDILAIXISHOUSUOYOUDEZHAOYEHEZHAOZHA。JUTIDELIUCHENGRUTU5-1SUOSHI。

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“CHUQINYANGZHIYEWURANKONGZHIJISHUGUIFAN”(Ⅱ)FENBIANWURANZHILIDEJIBENGONGYIMOSHI

LAIZIGUCANGDEFEISHUITONGGUOGEZHABINGLANJIEFEISHUIZHONGDECUWUGOU。DANGWUSHUILIANGJIAODASHI,YINGCAIYONGJIXIEGEZHA,BINGJIANGGEZHACANZHAYUNZHIFENBIANDUIFEICHANGHUOQITAWUHAIHUACHULICHANGSUOJINXINGCHULI。ZHIHOU,WUSHUIJINRUCHENDIANCHI,CHULIYANGJICHANGHUOSANYANGNIUCHANGDEFEISHUISHI,YINGJIAQIANGCHENDIANCHIDESHEZHI。QITAYANGZHIFEISHUICHULIKESHISHEZHIDEJISHACHIJUYOUYIDINGDECHENSHAGONGNENG,DANBUNENGDANDUSHEZHICHENSHACHI。SHUICAODERONGLIANGBUYINGXIAOYUMEIRIZUIDAPAISHUILIANGDE50%,ERQIERONGYIQUCHUFUZHAHENISHA。ZAICHULICAOSHIXINGDONGWUFENBIANSHI,YINGZENGJIASHOUJICHIDERONGJI,SHIQIJUYOUPAIBIANGONGNENG。WUSHUIJINRUGUYEFENLISHEBEI,JIANGFENZHACONGWUSHUIZHONGFENLICHULAI,JIANGFENZHASHUSONGDAOFENBIANDUIFEICHANG,WUSHUIJINRUSHUIJIESUANHUACHI。GUYEFENLISHEBEIKETONGGUOYEYASHAI、LUOXUANJICHUJIDENGXUANZE。TONGSHI,HAIYINGGENJUCHULISHUILIANG、SHUIZHI、CHANGDI、JINGJITIAOJIANDENGTIAOJIAN,YIJIFEIZHADEZHUCUNHEYUNSHUQINGKUANGJINXINGKAOLV。JINRUSHUIJIESUANHUACHIDEFEISHUIZAIWEISHENGWUDEZUOYONGXIAJIANGDAFENZIWUZHIJIANGJIEWEIXIAOFENZIYOUJIWU,YITIGAOFEISHUIDEKESHENGHUAXING,QISHUILITINGLIUSHIJIANYINGWEI12~24h。SUIHOU,WUSHUIJINRUYANYANGSHENGWUCHULIDANYUAN,GAIDANYUANTONGCHANGYOUYANYANGFANYINGQI、ZHAOQISHOUJIHECHULIXITONG(JINGHUAXITONG、CHUQIGUAN、PEIQIGUANDAOHESHIYONGXITONGDENG)、ZHAOYEHEZHAOQICANZHACHULIXITONGZUCHENG。DUIYUIIXINGJINSHUIGUYEFENLIXITONG,YANYANGFANYINGQIYINGCAIYONGSHANGLIUSHIYANYANGWUNICHUANG(USAB),YANYANGFANYINGQIYINGCAIYONGFUHESHIYANYANGFANYINGQI(UBF)、(AF)、(ABR)DENGYANYANGFANYINGQI,RUSHANGLIUSHIYANYANGWUNICHUANG(UBF)、FUHEYANYANGWUNICHUANG(AF)、FUHESHIYANYANGWUNICHUANG(ABR)DENG。(AF)、ZHEDIESHIYANYANGJUNDENG。YINGCAIYONGSHIWENFAJIAO,DANWENDUBUYINGDIYU20℃,SHUILITINGLIUSHIJIANBUYINGSHAOYU5TIAN。YANYANGFANYINGCHANSHENGDEZHAOQIJINRUZHAOQIJINGHUAXITONG,CHULIHOUDEZHAOQITONGGUOSHUPEIXITONGJINRUCHUQIGUAN,JINYIBUYONGYUJIATINGRANQI、GUOLURANSHAO、ZHAOQIFADIANDENG。YANYANGFANYINGCHANSHENGDEZHAOQICANZHAYINGJISHISHUSONGDAOFENBIANDUIFEICHANGHUOQITAWUHAIHUADEDIFANGJINXINGSHIDANGCHULI。FANYINGCHANSHENGDEZHAOYEJINRUZHAOYECHUCUNCHI,TONGGUOZHAOYELIYONGXITONG,ZUIZHONGZAINONGTIAN、DAPENGCAIDI、MIAOMUJIDI、CHAYUANDENGDIZUOWEIYOUJIFEISHIYONG。

6 ZHANWANG

SHENGCHUHEJIAQINYANGZHIYOUXUDUOCHULIJISHU。YAOTANSUOTEDINGJISHUDEYINGYONG,WOMENBUJINYAOKAOLVQIJISHUYOUSHI,HAIYAOKAOLVTOUZICHENGBEN,YUNYINGCHENGBENHEYUNYINGDENGZONGHEYINSU。GENJUMUQIANDEJISHUFAZHANZHUANGKUANGHEGUOJIAZHENGCEZHIDAO,CHUQINYANGZHIFEISHUIDECHULIYINGJIEHEYUANTOUKONGZHIHEZHONGDUANCHULI,CONGGENBENSHANGJIANGDICHUQINFEISHUICHULIDEYUNXINGHECHULICHENGBEN,CUJINQINGJIESHENGCHAN,BINGZUNXUNJIANSHAOHEZIYUAN。JIEGOUHEWUHAIHUADEYUANZEYOUXIAODIBAOHUHEGAISHANLECHUQINYANGZHICHANGDEHUANJING,SHIXIANLEJINGJI,SHEHUIHEHUANJINGXIAOYIDETONGYI,ZOULEHUANJINGYOUHAOHEZIYUANBAOHUDEDAOLU[4]。

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JIANADApcYUCEGUANWANGYIZHIYUGUONEIZHUMINGZHUANYESHEJIYUANJINMIHEZUO,YONGYOUYIPIJUYOUFENGFULILUNZHISHIHESHIJIANJINGYANDESHUICHULIZHUANJIA,JINGZHANGQIDEJISHUYANFAHEJINGYANJILEI,CHENGGONGYANFACHUDUOXIANGWUSHUICHULIDEZHUANLIJISHU,ZAISHIJIDEYUNYONGZHONGQUDELIANGHAODEXIAOGUOHEKOUBEI。WOMENDETUANDUIYONGYOUGENGZHUANYEDEWUSHUICHULIGONGCHENGSHEJI、FANGANDINGZHINENGLI,SHEBEIDECAIGOU、ANZHUANGDIAOSHIJIYUNXINGGUANLIYIZHANSHIJIEJUEKEHUWUSHUICHULINANTI。