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污水处理技术工艺

含油污泥处置研究新进展

发布日期:2020-01-16 / 发布者:鸿淳环保科技 / 点击:

YOUJIYANXIESHIYOUQIZIYUANKANTANKAIFAZUANJINGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEDIANXINGWEIXIANFEIWU。 BENWENJIANGXIANYOUDECHUZHIJISHUFENWEICHUZHIJISHUHECHUZHIJISHU,TONGGUOJINYIBUFENLEI,XITONGZONGJIELEGEXIANGJISHUDEYUANLI、YOUQUEDIANHEYINGYONGQIANLI,ZONGJIELE“HUANBAODABIAO、JINGJIKEXING”CHUZHIDEJIBENYUANZE,ZHICHUGAOJIAZHIZIYUANLIYONGSHIJINHOUDEYANJIUFANGXIANGZHIYI。

YOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIESHILIYONGYOUJINIJIANGZAIZUANJINGZUOYEZHONGCHANSHENGDEHANYOUWUNI,YIBEILIERU2016NIANBAN《GUOJIAWEIXIANFEIWUMINGLU》(FEIWULEIBIE:HW08)。HAISHANGZUANJINGPINGTAIHENEILUYOUQITIANDOUYUANLIRENMENJUZHUDEDIFANG,SHIYOUJIZUANSHIZUICHUBEIZHIJIEDIUQI,ZHIDAOSHANGSHIJIQIBASHINIANDAI,RENMENCAIZHUJIANYISHIDAOTADUIDANGDISHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGDEPOHUAI。CIHOU,GEGUOHEDIQUKAISHIZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,BINGRIYIYANGE。2008NIAN,ZHONGGUOZHILIANGJISHUJIANDUJUBANBU《HAIYANGSHIYOUKANTANKAIFAWURANWUPAIFANGNONGDUXIANZHI》,GUIDINGBOHAIHAIYUBUDEPAIFANGHANYOUZUANJINGFEIQIWU,QITAYIJI、ERJI、SANJIHAIYUPAIFANGBIAOZHUNFENBIEBUDECHAOGUO1%、3%、8%,HANGONGHEGEDEHANLIANGFENBIEBUDECHAOGUO1mg/kgHE3mg/kg。2015NIAN,WOGUOZHENGSHISHISHIXINDEHUANJINGBAOHUFA,DUISHIYOUJIZUANSHIDENGWEIXIANFEIWUDEKONGZHIHEANQUANCHUZHITICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU。YOUYUHUANJINGYALI,CHUXIANLEGEZHONGXINJIUJISHULAIYANJIUYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIANDECHUZHI。

ZAIWENXIANZHONG,YIBANCHULIHECHUZHIJISHUYIQITAOLUN,DANTAMENJIBENSHANGSHIBUTONGDE:ZHILIAOSHIZHIXUERUOHUOQUCHUZAIYOUJIZUANXIEDEWURANWU,HEYOUJIZUANXIEDECHULIZHONGSOUSUOMUDEDI。YINCI,BENWENXIANGXIDEFENLEI,XIANYOUDEGEZHONGCHUZHIJISHUHEGONGYIJISHU,BAOKUOJISHUYUANLI,YOUQUEDIANHEFAZHANQIANJINGDEXITONGHUIGU,BINGZHANWANGLEWEILAIDEFAZHANFANGXIANG。

1、 YOUJIZUANXIECHUZHIJISHU

ZUICHUDEYOUJIYANXIEBEIJIANDANDIDIUQI,ZHEIZHONGYUANYOUFANGFAYEKEYIBEIRENWEISHIYIZHONGCHULIJISHU。 SUIZHERENMENRENSHIDEJIASHEN,CHULIJISHUZHUJIANCHUXIAN,SUOYIDUIYUYOUJIZUANJINGYANXIE,SHI“XIANCHULIJISHU,ZAICHULIJISHU” . SUIZHEHUANJINGBAOHUFALVFAGUIDEZHUBUJIAQIANG,DADUOSHUCHULIJISHUBUTUIJIANZHIJIECHULI,ERZHINENGZUOWEIYOUJIZUANXIEYUCHULIHOUCANLIUWUDEZUIZHONGCHULIFANGFA。 YOUYUHAISHANGZUANJINGPINGTAIHENEILUYOUTIANDEDILIHUANJINGCHAYIHENDA,XIAMIANJIANGTAOLUNZHEILIANGZHONGQINGKUANG。

1.1HAIYANGZUANJINGPINGTAIYOUJIZUANXIECHULIJISHU

1.1.1 QIHAI

RUGUOYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIANWEIJINGRENHEYUCHULIZHIJIEDIUQIDAOHAIYANGZHONG,JIANGDUIHAIYANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGJIQIKUNNANDEPOHUAI,ZHEIZHONGCHUZHIFANGFAXIANZAIBEIJINZHI。RANER,RUGUOJINGGUOYUCHULIHOUDADAOPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,CANLIUDECANZHAKEYIBEIYIQIZAIHAILI。ZHEISHIZUIJIANDAN、CHENGBENZUIDIDEHAISHANGCHUZHIJISHU。BENWENCONGHUANJING、JINGJI、ANQUANHEJISHUSIGEFANGMIANDUIALMEIDADESIZHONGCHUZHIJISHUJINXINGLEZONGHEFENXI:QIHAI、FANHAI、FANHUINEILUWEIBOREJIEHEFANHUINEILUJIZHONGCHUZHI。GAIJISHUSUIRANHUIZAOCHENGYIDINGDEHUANJINGWURAN,DANZAIHAIYUJINGGUOYUCHULIHOU,RENGRANSHIHAISHANGPINGTAIYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIECHUZHIJISHUDESHOUXUAN。

1.1.2 HUIZHU

HUIGUANZHURUYOUJIZUANXIEHUOXINGCHENGYIJINGWANCHENGANQUANHAIDIJINGGONGKUANGFEIQIDI。ZHEIZHONGJISHUKEYISHIXIANYOUJIZUANXIEDEDAPILIANGCHULI,GUANJIANSHIYAOXUANZEHUIZHUGONGYIHEANQUANXINGDEXINGCHENG,JIBUXUYAOQUEBAOXIELOUBUYINGXIANGJIXUSHENGCHANPINGTAI。ZAI2001NIANYUZHONGHAIYOUKANGFEIHEZUO,ZAIBOHAIPENGLAI19-3YOUTIANSHIXIANLEGUONEISHOUCHUANGDEYOUJIZUANXIEHUIZHU,YOUXIAOCHUZHIDEYOUJIZUANXIE4800LIFANGMI,720LIFANGMIWUNIDE。XIANGBIQIHAI,WUXUYUCHULIHUIGUANTUOZHI,PAOGUANGHEDIAOZHI,DANZENGJIALEGONGXU,XUYAOGAOYAHUIZHUSHEBEIHEXIELOUDECUNCHUCENGDEFENGXIAN,SIZHONGJISHUFENXIAERMEIDAXIANGBEIHOUZHIYOUZUIHOUYIGEDESHIYONGXING。

1.1.3 YUNHUINEILU

DUIYUBUJUBEIQIHAI、FANHAITIAOJIANDEHAISHANGPINGTAI,WEIYIDEXUANZEJIUSHIJIANGYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIANYUNHUINEILU,ZHEIZHONGCHULIFANGSHIZUIZHONGYUNEILUYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIANDECHUZHIFANGSHIXIANGTONG,DANCONGHAISHANGYUNHUINEILUDEGONGYIGENGDUO,BICAIYONGTONGYANGCHUZHIJISHUDENEILUYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIANCHENGBENGENGGAO。ZAIAlmeidaFENXIDESIZHONGJISHUZHONG,NEILUYUNSHUHOUWEIBOREJIEXIDESHIYONGXINGHENEILUYUNSHUHOUJIZHONGCHUZHIDESHIYONGXINGFENBIEWEIYUFEIQIHAIHEZAIZHURUZHIJIANDEWEIXIANFEIWUCHANGDIERHEDISANWEI。

NEILUYOUTIANYOUJIZUANJINGYANXIE1.2CHULIJISHU

1.2.1 TUDIGENGZHONG

GAIFANGFADUIYINGDESHIHAISHANGZUANJINGPINGTAIDEHAISHANGQINGDAOFA,JIZHIJIEHUODIAOZHIHOUZAIHUANGDIHEGENGDISHANGHUAFENYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIE,LIYONGTURANGZHONGYUANYOUDEWEISHENGWUJUNQUNZIRANFENJIEQIZHONGDEYOUJIZHI..YIZHONGLEISIDEFANGFASHILIYONGSHIDIWEISHENGWUJIANGJIEYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIE..GAIFANGFADEHUANJINGFENGXIANJIAODA,YOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEZHONGDEYOUJIZHI、ZHONGJINSHUHEJIANXINGYANHUIFENSANDAOTURANGZHONG,JINYIBUZAOCHENGSHUITIHEKONGQIWURAN。YOUJIWUZHONGDELIQINGZHI,LAZHIDENGDAFENZIWUZHIZHANGSHIJIANHOUBUNENGWANQUANJIANGJIE,FENJIEZHOUQIKEDASHUNIAN..JISHIRUCI,ZHEIZHONGFANGFAYEBUXUYAOKEYIPEIYANGWEISHENGWU,CAOZUOJIANDAN,CHENGBENDI,ZAIGUONEIYIXIEDIFANGRENGRANSHIYONG。RANER,WOGUODETUDIZIYUANXIQUE,SHIDIZHENGUI。

1.2.2 TIANMAI

TIANMAIYUHAISHANGZUANJINGPINGTAIDEHUIZHUFADUIYING,SHIJIANGYOUJIZUANXIEYANMAIDAODIXIADEYIZHONGCHUZHIFANGFA。ZUICHUDENEILUYOUTIANYOUJIZUANXIEBUJINGCHULIZHIJIETIANMAI,FAZHANDAOHOULAIJINGGUHUAHOUTIANMAI,JINNIANLAIZEYIBANZUOWEIYOUJIZUANXIEYUCHULICHUYOUHOUCANZHADEZUI ZHONGCHUZHI。YOUJIZUANXIEDETIANMAIYAOQIUCANZHAHANYOULVBUCHAOGUO 3%,TIANMAISHENDUYINGJIEYUDIBIAO 1.5 m YIXIAHEDIXIASHUISHUIPINGMIAN 1.5 mYISHANG。GAIFANGFACAOZUOJIANDAN、CHENGBENDILIAN,CHULILIANGDA,SHIMUQIANNEILUYOUTIANYINGYONGZUIGUANGDECHUZHIJISHU。

1.2.3 ZIYUANHUALIYONG

YOUJIZUANXIESHIYIZHONGGUTIFEIQIWU,WULUNSHIJISHUJIUYEGUOCHENGZHONGDEGUTIKELIBUHUIXIAOSHI,XUYAOZHAOTAMENDEZUIZHONGMUDEDI。YIGESHIHUIGUIZIRAN,RUQIANWENSUOSHUBEIYIQIDEHAI,HUIZHU,NONGYONGDIHELAJITIANMAICHANG;HEQITABUDANGXINGWEIDEZIYUANLIYONGLV,ZHEISHIZUIZUNZHONGHECHUZHIJISHU,YESHIJINNIANLAIYANJIUDEREDIAN。LIYONGJISHUZHUYAOSHIZAIERYANGHUAGUI,LIUSUANBEIDENGWUJICHENGFENDEYOUJIZUANXIEZUOWEIJIANZHUCAILIAO,BAOKUOTANPUJIBAN,SHUINISHULIAO,WEIRANSHAODETAOCI,MIANSHAOZHUAN,QINGGULIAOHESHAOJIETAOCI。TAMENYOUJIANGZENGJIAZIYUANDECHENGBEN,ERJIANADApcYUCEGUANWANGDEJIAZHIZENGJIA。GUANJIANSHISHIYONGDEJIANZHUCAILIAO,YIYINDIZHIYI,GENJUDILIHUANJINGHEDANGDIDESHIJIXUYAOXUANZESHIYONG,JIBAOZHENGLECAILIAODEXINGNENG,TONGSHIYEMANZUHUANBAOYAOQIU。JINRI,BOLANHEJNADENGDENGJIANGBEIZHIZUOCHENGYOUJIZUANXIESHENGWUFUHECAILIAOε-JINEIZHIFUHANGUIDEGAIJIN,TATIGONGLEYOUXIAODELIYONGLEXINDESILU。

2 YOUJIZUANXIECHULIJISHU

GENJUYOUJIZUANXIECHULIHOUWURANWU(ZHUYAOSHIYOUJIWURANWU)DEBIANHUAQUSHI,JIANGYOUJIZUANXIECHULIJISHUFENWEIXIANZHIJISHU(ZHIKONGZHIWURANWUKUOSAN)、FENLIJISHU(ZHIKONGZHIWURANWUKUOSAN)HEJIANGJIEJISHU(FENJIEWURANWU)。

2.1 XIANZHIJISHU

SHANGSHUZHURUHETIANMAIKEFENPEIJIZHEILEIJISHU,DANZHURUHETIANMAISHIYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIANDEZHIJIECHUZHI,ERBUJINJINSHICHULIJISHU。CIWAI,WENDING/GUHUAFANGFAYESHIYIZHONGYOUXIANDEJISHU,ZHIYOUZAICHULIJISHUFANGMIAN,GUHUAJIANADApcYUCEGUANWANGXUYAOTONGGUOTIANMAIHUOZIYUANLIYONGLAIZUIZHONGCHULI。WENDINGHUASHIYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHIZAIHUAXUEHEWULISHANGZHUANHUAWEIDIRONGJIEDU,DIQIANYILVHEDIDUXINGDEWUZHI,ERGUHUASHIZAIFEIWUZHONGJIARUGUHUAJI,SHIQIBIANCHENGBUKELIUDONGDEGUTIHUOJINMIGUTIDEGUOCHENG..SHIYONGDEGUHUAJIZHUYAOYOUSHUINI,FENMEIHUI,GAOTANHUI,SHENGSHIHUIDENGZIZHIGUHUAJI..WENDING/GUHUAFANGFADUIYUYIZHIYOUJIWU、ZHONGJINSHUHELVLIZIDENGWURANWUDEQIANYIZHIGUANZHONGYAO。RUGUOYOUJIXINPIANBEIZHIJIEGUHUA,YOUYUQIGAOHANYOULIANG,GUHUATIZHONGDESHUIHEJINGTIJIANGBEIZHONGDUAN,SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,ERCIWURANDEFENGXIANJIANGZENGJIA。KOGBARADENGRENTICHUJIANGSHENGWUQIANGHUAJISHUYUWENDINGGUHUAFAXIANGJIEHE,KEYIJIANGJIEYOUJIWUHEGUDINGZHONGJINSHU,SHIXIANTONGBUCHULI。WENDING/GUHUAFASUIRANCUNZAIWURANWUXIELOUDEERCIWURANFENGXIAN,DANYOUYUQICHENGBENDI,CAOZUOJIANDAN,RENGRANSHINEILUYOUTIANCHANGYONGDECHULIJISHU..

2.2 FENLIJISHU

2.2.1 HUAXUEQINGXI

HUAXUEQINGXISHISHIYONGPORUJI,BIAOMIANHUOXINGJIJIANGDIJIEMIANZHANGLI,RUNSHIXINGBIANHUA,SHUIDESUNHAIBINGTIGAORUYEDEJIEMIANMODEGANGXING,BINGRANHOUHEBINGLIXINFENLI,YALVJIHEZHENDONGSHAIFENJIXIEFENLIJISHU,YISHIXIANYOUDERONGCHUJIYUZUANXIEDEYOUJIWUDEFANGFA。QINGJIEJIKEYISHIDANYISHIJI,YEKEYISHIGENGFUZADE。SHUIDEJIEMIANZHANGLISUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOERJIANXIAO,SUOYIWENSHUIDEXIAOGUOXIGANJINGGENGHAO。LIYONGCHAOSHENGKONGHUAHESUIZHIERLAIDEXIAOGUOKEYIZENGQIANGCHUANZHIGUOCHENG,YONGHUAXUEQINGXIXIANGJIEHE,CUJINTUOLUODIGOUYOUDEQINGJIEXIAOGUO。JINNIANLAIKAIGUANCO2RONGJIQINGXIKAIFACHUYIZHONGXINJISHU,TONGGUOSHICO 2YIGAIBIANRONGJI,QINSHUIXINGHELIZIQIANGDU,TIQUHEFENLIBUZHOU,YISHIXIANJIYUYOUDEZUANXIEHEYOUJIYOUHUISHOUDEJIXING,RONGJIPAICHUBEIHUISHOU。HUAXUEQINGXITIAOJIANWENHE,CHENGBENDI,DANQINGXIHUICHANSHENGDALIANGDEFEISHUI,ZENGJIAHOUXUCHULIDENANDU。

2.2.2 CUIQUFA

TIQUSHIJIYU“XIANGSIXIANGRONG”DEYUANZE,FENLIHETIQUYOUJIYOUJIZUANXIEDEFANGFA。RUSHIYONGDEDANHAIXIAMIZUOWENGLIZIYETI,ZAI1:1,pHZHI>YOUXUANDEYEGUBI7,20FENZHONGDETIAOJIANXIA,YOUJIZUANXIEDAYU85%,XIAOYUDELIZIYETISUNSHILVDAYUCHUYOUDE1%,KEBEIZHONGFULIUCI。CIWAI,CHAOLINJIECO 2CUIQUSHICO2(PC> 7.38ZHAOPA,TC> 31.06℃)SHIYONGCHAOLINJIEZHUANGTAI,ZAIJIYUYOUDEZUANXIEDEDUTEDEWULIHEHUAXUETEXING,YISHIXIANYOUJIWUYOUXIAOHEKUAISUCHOUQU。GUOCHENGXIANZHUYOUYUHUAXUEQINGXIDETIQUXIAOLV,DANSHITADEQUEDIANSHIZAI18〜25ZHAOPAGAOYA,ZHEIXIANZHILEZAIDAXINGGONGCHENGZHONGDEYINGYONGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXUYAO。

2.2.3 RECHULIFA

RECHULISHITONGGUOJIARECONGYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEZHONGFENLIHUIFAXINGWUZHI(SHUIHEQINGYOU)HEBANHUIFAXINGWUZHI(ZHONGYOU)DEJISHU。YANJIUBIAOMING,ZAI350°CYIXIAREJIEHOU,YOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEDEHANYOULIANGKEJIANGDIDAO1%YIXIA,DANJINYIBUTIGAOWENDU,CHULIXIAOLVNANYIMINGXIANTIGAO,DANNENGHAOXIANZHUZENGJIA。ZHENKONGCUIQUKEYIJIANGDIHUIFAXINGWUZHIDEBAOHEZHENGQIYA,CONGERJINYIBUJIANGDIJIAREWENDU。JIAREFANGFAYESHIRECHULIDEGUANJIANYINSU,YINCIBIXUBAOZHENGJIAREDEJUNYUNXING,BIMIANZAISIQUHEJIAREBIAOMIANJIEJIAOHEJIEGOU。ZI21SHIJICHUYILAI,NUODINGHANDAXUEDESHANGYIZHIZAIYANJIUWEIBORECHULIDEYOUJIZUANJINGSUIPIAN。

2.2.4YALINJIEREYECUIQU

CIFANGFASHILIYONGYALINJIESHUI(100〜374℃,0.1〜22.1ZHAOPA),QIWEIRONGJICUIQUJISHUYIZAITIANRANJIANADApcYUCEGUANWANG,FENXIYANGPINDEFANGMIANZHILIAOHEYOUJIWURANDETURANGDENGDETIQUBEIGUANGFANSHIYONG。ZHILIAOFANGFATONGCHANGGENGHAODEHUAXUEQINGJIEFANGFA,REHEYALINJIESHUICUIQUJISHUDETIQUHECHULIXIAOGUOSHIJIZHEILIANGLEIDEYOUDIAN。SHOUXIAN,YALINJIESHUIHEJUYOUJIEDIANCHANGSHUJIEJIN,TAKEYIBEIYONGLAIZUOWEIYIZHONGLVSEYOUJIZUANXIECHANGJIANDEYOUJIRONGJIWEIRONGJIDEYOUJIWUZHI,SUOSHUTIQUGONGNENG,RU“RONGJIE”DEXIAOGUORONGJIE;QICI,YALINJIESHUIRETIQUDEGONGZUOWENDUTONGCHANGZAI150〜350DEFANWEINEI℃,ZHISHIYONGZHIQIANDEWENDUFANWEINEIDEDIWENREJIEDEYIZHISHI,KEYIZUOWEILEISIRECHULIFANGFA“REJIEXI”XIAOYINGQIZUOYONG。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,TICHULESHEJIDULIYURENHELIANGZHONGLEIXINGDEYEYANYOUJIZUANXIEDEBEIJINXINGYUYALINJIESHUICUIQUHEDONGTAIJINGTAICUIQUYANJIUREYALINJIESHUITIQUCHULIDEYOUJIZUANXIE,SHUIRETIQUZHUANGZHIDEFANGFA,FAXIAN,TIQUWENDUSHIZUIGUANJIANDECANSHUSHIBIZHILIAODANDUDEERLVJIAWANTIQUHUODIWENRETUOFUGENGHAO,ZAI1.5ZHAOPA,HEDONGTAITIAOJIANDAO200℃DEYOUHANLIANGKEYIJIANGDIDAOXIAMIANDE1%XIACUIQU。

2.3 JIANGJIEJISHU

XIANZHIJISHUJINKONGZHIWURANWUDEKUOSAN,FENLIJISHUJINJIANGDIHANYOULV,ERJIANGJIEJISHUZESHIWEIYIYIFENJIEYOUJIWURANWUWEIMUDECHULIJISHU,QICHANWUWEIDUIHUANJINGWUHAIDEXIAOFENZIWUZHI,SHENGYUCANZHAKETIANMAI、ZIYUANHUALIYONGHUOZHIJIEPAIFANGDAOHUANJINGZHONG。

2.3.1 SHENGWUFA

SHENGWUFASHILIYONGWEISHENGWUDEDAIXIEHUOXING,YIYOUJIZUANXIEZHONGDEYOUJIWUWEITANYUAN,JIANGQIFENJIEWEISHUIHEERYANGHUATANDENGXIAOFENZIWUZHI。 DUIFEIJISHUSHIYIZHONGYOUJIZUANXIESHENGWUCHULIJISHU,TONGGUOTIANJIADAOCAO、JUMOHEDANLINDENGWUJIYINGYANGYUANSULAITIGAOCHULIXIAOGUO。 YIWANTINGHEKUANGWUYOUWEIYUANLIAO,CAIYONGQIUYINDUIFEIFADUIZUANXIEJINXINGCHULI,CHULIXIAOGUOMINGXIANYOUYUCHANGGUIDUIFEIFA。 JIEZHONGJIHAIKEYITIGAOCHULIXIAOLV,JIEZHONGJIKEYIXUNHUAJUNZHONG,YEKEYISHITESHUJUNZHONG。 RANER,GAIFANGFACUNZAIZHECHULIZHOUQIZHANG、FENJIELIQING、JIAOZHIDENGGAOFENZIWUZHINANDUDADENGQUEDIAN,MUQIANDUIZHONGJINSHUHEYANLEIZAICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGDEQIANYIZHUANHUAYANJIUJIAOSHAO。 JINGUANRUCI,GAIJISHUJUYOURONGLIANGDA、CHENGBENDI、NENGYOUXIAOJIANGJIESHIYOUZUANJINGYANXIEZHONGDEWANTINGHEDUOHUANFANGXIANGTINGDEYOUDIAN。 JINGJIANGJIECHULIHOU,GAIJISHUJIBENNENGMANZUMUQIAN1% HANYOULIANGDEPAIFANGYAOQIU,MUQIANYIDEDAOGUANGFANDEYANJIUHEYINGYONG。

2.3.2 FENSHAOFA

FENSHAOFASHILIYONGZHUANYESHEBEI,ZAI1200~1500°CDEGAOWENXIA,JIANGYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEZHONGDEYOUJIWUWANQUANYANGHUA,SHIXIANHAIYUANWUHAIHUAJISHU。YUSHENGWUFAXIANGBI,FENSHAOFAGAOXIAOCHEDI,DANCHENGBENJIAOGAO..WANGLIFANGYANJIULE1000°CFANWEINEIMOUHANYOU19.41%YOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEDERANSHAOTEXING,FAXIANZAI100~300°CHE500~750°C~800~1000°CTIAOJIANXIA,YOUJIWUFENJIEWEIXIAOFENZITINGDEJIEDUANSHIXIAOFENZITINGDEWANQUANJIANGJIE,WUJICaCO3HECaSO4DEFENJIEJIEDUAN。CHENZHONGDENGZAISICHUANDAANZHAISHIYONGYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEHEFEISHUIJINIJIANGZUOWEITIANJIAJI,BINGYUYIBINPINMEIHUNHEZUOWEIGAIXINGXINGMEI。ZAITAMENZHIJIANDEZUIJIAZHILIANGBIWEI35:9:35DETIAOJIANXIA,XINGMEIDEREZHIHEGULIULVFUHEQINGJIEXINGMEIDEBIAOZHUN,YOUYUPUTONGSHANGPINXINGMEI。WANGMEIDUIHANYOULIANGZAI15%ZUOYOUDELIANGZHONGYOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEJINXINGGAIXING,TONGGUOTIANJIAGAIXINGJI,ZHICHENGHAN75%(w)YOUJIZUANJINGSUIXIEDELIUTIRANLIAO,QIREZHICHAOGUOYIJISHUIMEIJIANGBIAOZHUN,TIDAIMEISHIXIANLEHUAGONGCHANGRANMEIGUOLUDEXIANCHANGSHIFAN,CHENGBENJINWEI800-1000YUAN/DUN,MINGXIANDIYUCHUANTONGDEZHIJIEFENSHAOCHULI。

2.3.3CHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUA

CHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAFASHIYICHAOLINJIESHUI(t>374 °C,p>22.1 MPa)WEIFANYINGJIEZHI,ZAIKONGQI、YANGQIDENGYANGHUAJIDECANYUXIA,JIANGGELEIYOUJIWUYANGHUAJIANGJIEWEI H2O HE CO2 DENGWUJIXIAOFENZIWUZHIDEGAOJIYANGHUAJISHU,CHULIGUOCHENGBUHUIRUFENSHAONEIYANGCHAN SHENGERWUYINGDENGYOUHAIQITI。GAIJISHUTEBIESHIYONGYUYOUJIZUANXIEZHEILEIGAONONGDUNANJIANGJIEYOUJIWEIXIANFEIQIWUDEMODUANCHULI。ZHANGQINMINGDENGCAIYONGLIANXUSHIFANYINGQIYANJIULESHANXIZHANGQINGYOUTIANZUANJINGFEIYEDECHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAJIANGJIE,ZAI 23~30 MPa、500~600°C、30~600 s DETIAOJIANXIA,COD QUCHULVPUBIANCHAOGUO 90%,FANYINGGUOCHENGFUHEYIJIDONGLIXUE。BENWENZUOZHECAIYONGJIANXIEFUSHIFANYINGQI, XITONGYANJIULEZHONGQINGMOUYEYANQICHAIYOUJIZUANXIEDECHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAJIANGJIEGUOCHENG,FAXIANWENDU、GUOYANGLIANGHEFANYINGSHIJIANJUNXIANZHUYINGXIANG YOUJIWUDEFENJIE,QIJIANGJIEGUOCHENGWEIJUNXIANGHEFEIJUNXIANGFANYINGDEOUHEGUOCHENG;ZAI 500°C、10 min HE 2.5 BEIGUOYANGLIANGDETIAOJIANXIA, ZONGYOUJITANQUCHULVKEDADAO 89.2%,ZHONGJINSHUJIHUQUANBUBEIWENDINGZAIGUTICANZHAZHONG。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,GENJUYOUJIZUANXIEDE LIHUATEXINGHECHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAJIANGJIEGUOCHENG,SHEJIKAIFALEYITAO 2 L/h DELIANXUSHICHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAZHUANGZHI,FENBIEDUICHAIYOUJI ZUANXIEHEBAIYOUJIZUANXIEKAIZHANLELIANXUSHICHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUACHULI,ZONGYOUJITANQUCHULVFENBIECHAOGUOLE 98%HE 95%,CANZHAWEIZHUANHONGSEWUJIGUTIKELI,KEZHIJIEPAIFANGDAOHUANJINGZHONG。GAIJISHUDECHULIXIAOGUOWEISANLEIJIANGJIEJISHUZHISHOU,QIEQISHEBEIJINCOU,KEKAIFA CHUQIAOZHUANGSHIZHUANGZHI,YUNSHUZHISUOXUJINGCHANG,SHIXIANJIUDICHULI,ERJIUDIWUHAIHUASHIMUQIANZUITUICHONGDECHULIFANGSHI。DANGAIJISHUDE YUNXINGTIAOJIANJIAOWEIKEKE,CHENGBENPIANGAO,QIEYINGAOHUIFEN、DABIZHONGDEYUANYIN,JILIANXUCHULIDEJIN、XIELIAODAILAILEKUNNAN。

3 、JIEYUYUZHANWANG

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