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政策法规

《电镀污染物排放标准》(GB 21900–2008)执行中遇到的问题与修改建议

发布日期:2019-09-18 / 发布者:鸿淳环保科技 / 点击:

FENXI《DIANDUWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(GB 21900–2008)HOUFAXIAN,QIZHONGDUOSHUKONGZHIXIANZHIYANYUFADAGUOJIA,GEBIEKONGZHIXIANZHIZAIJISHUSHANGBUKESHIXIANHUOCHAOCHUJIANCEJIXIAN。XIANYOUBIAOZHUNDEBUFENZHIBIAOBUJUBEIJISHUKEXINGXINGHEJINGJIKEXINGXING,TONGSHIYEBUJUBEIKEZHIXING。JIANYIGENJUBUTONGZIRANHUANJINGDEBEIJINGZHI,XIUDINGPAIFANGBIAOZHUN,CUJINDIANDUQIYEXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZHUANXING。

2017NIAN12YUE,ZHONGYANGJINGJIGONGZUOHUIYIZAIBEIJINGJUXING。HUIYIZHAOKAI:"ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIYIJINGJINRULEXINSHIDAI,ZHONGGUODEJINGJIFAZHANYEJINRULEYIGEXINDESHIDAI。JIBENTEZHENGSHIZHONGGUOJINGJICONGKUAISUZENGZHANGDEJIEDUANZHUANBIANWEIGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEJIEDUAN。"CUJINGAOZHILIANG、"JIAKUAIZHIBIAOTIXIDEXINGCHENG、ZHENGCETIXI、BIAOZHUNTIXI、TONGJITIXI、JIXIAOPINGGU、JIANLIHEWANSHANZHIDUHUANJINGCUJINGAOZHILIANGDEFAZHAN"[1]DEFAZHAN。GAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEBIAOZHUNJIYAOZHUZHONGXIANJINXING,GENGYAOZHUZHONGKEXUEXINGHEKEXINGXING,BIMIANYUSHIJIQINGKUANGTUOJIEDEYAOQIUHUOGUIDING。

ZUOWEIZHIZAOYEDEJICHUGONGYIZHIYI,DIANDUDEGAODUANJISHUHEXIANDAICHANYETIXIDEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN,HANGKONGHANGTIAN,DIANZITONGXUNJISUANJI,WUQIZHUANGBEI,SHIYOUHUAGONG,ZAOCHUAN,JIXIEJIWUJINGONGJUZAISHIYONGGUANGFAN。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGYOUZHUYUGAISHANFUSHICHANWU,NAIMOXINGHEZHUANGSHIXINGNENG,CONGERXIANZHUZENGJIAFUJIAZHIDEJIANADApcYUCEGUANWANG,TONGCHANGYONGYUZHIBEILEYIXIEZHONGYAODEJIXIEBUJIANHEDIANZIBUJIAN,RUHUOJIANRANSHAOSHI,FEIJIQILUOJIA,QIANGGUAN,GAOMIDUJICHENGDIANLU。YINCI,DIANDUGONGYEZAIWOGUOGUOMINJINGJIFAZHANZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,DALIANGGUOWAICHANGSHANGJINRUZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAO、BOHAIWANDENGDIQU,WOGUODIANDUYEFAZHANXUNSU。MUQIAN,WOGUOYICHENGWEIDIANDUDAGUO。DANSHI,DIANDUGUOCHENGZHONGHUIYONGDAODALIANGDESUAN、JIAN、ZHONGJINSHULIZISHENZHIQINGHUAWU,TAMENHUIRONGJIEZAISHUIZHONG。DIANDUFEISHUIZHIJIEPAIFANGHUIZAOCHENGYANZHONGDESHUIWURAN。WEILEJIANSHAODIANDUFEISHUIDUIHUANJINGDEWURAN,SHIJIEGEGUODOUZHIDINGLEDIANDUWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。2008NIANBANBUDE《DIANDUWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(gb 21900-2008)DUICUJINHUANJINGBAOHU,YINDAODIANDUXINGYEXIANGHUANJINGYOUHAOFANGXIANGFAZHANQIDAOLEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

RANER,ZAIGUANCHEZHIXINGGAIBIAOZHUNDEGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIANLEYIXIEBUKEXUEHEKEZHIXINGXINGBUQIANGDEWENTI,BUJINYINGXIANGLEHUANJINGBAOHUZHENGCEDELUOSHI,ERQIEZUAILEGONGYEQIYEDEJIANKANGFAZHANHESHENGJIHUANDAI。SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEJINBUHESHENGCHANSHIJIANJINGYANDELEIJI,JISHIXIUDINGZHEIYIBIAOZHUNSHIDANGQIANQUANMIANTISHENGWOGUOHUANJINGBAOHUGONGZUOSHUIPING,TUIDONGDIANDUQIYEXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEPOQIEXUYAO。

1《DIANDUWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》JIANJIE

GB 21900-2008SHIYONGYUDIANDUQIYE,QIYEYUDIANDUSHESHISHUIWURANWUPAIFANGXIANZHIJIDIANDUDAQIWURANWUZUOLEYUANZEGUIDING。TABUJINLIYONGXIANYOUDIANDUQIYEHEDAQIWURANWUDEGUANLI,HUANJINGYINGXIANGDESHUIWURANWUPAIFANGLIANG,BINGYONGYUDIANDUSHESHIJIANSHEXIANGMUPINGJIA,HUANJINGBAOHUSHESHISHEJI,JUNGONGHUANBAOYANSHOU。

GB21900/2008ZHONGGUIDINGDESHUIWURANWUNONGDUXIANZHISHIYONGYUQIYEDUIHUANJINGSHUITIDEPAIFANGXINGWEI。DANGQIYEJIANGFEISHUIPAIRUWUSHUICHULICHANGDECHENGSHIPAISHUIXITONGSHI,ZONGGE、LIUJIAGE、ZONGNIE、ZONGCd、ZONGYIN、ZONGQIANHEZONGGONGYINGZAIBIAOZHUNZHONGGUIDINGDEJIANCEWEIZHIJINXINGXIANGYINGDEPAIFANGXIANZHI。QITAWURANWUPAIFANGKONGZHIYAOQIUYOUQIYEHECHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGGENJUQIWUSHUICHULINENGLISHANGDINGHUOSHISHI,BINGBAODANGDIHUANBAOBUMENBEIAN。TONGSHI,CHENGSHIWUSHUICHULICHANGYINGQUEBAOWURANWUPAIFANGFUHEXIANGYINGDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。

1.1DIANDUSHUIWURANWUPAIFANGKONGZHIYAOQIU

GB 21900-2008GUIDINGLE21XIANGSHUIWURANWUPAIFANGKONGZHIYAOQIU,BAOKUOZONGGE、LIUJIAGE、ZONGNIE、ZONGGE、ZONGYIN、ZONGTONG、ZONGXIN、ZONGQIAN、ZONGGONG、ZONGTIE、ZONGLV、9ZHONGFEIJINSHUWURANWUpH、COD(HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG)、ZONGQINGHUAWU。,ZONGLIN,ZONGDAN。ANDAN、FUHUAWU、XUANFUWU、SHIYOULEI,JIASHANGYONGSHUIKONGZHIXIANZHI。

BIAO1、BIAO2HEBIAO3ZUOWEIGB 21900 2008NIANDEBIAOZHUN,JIANGSHUIWURANWUDEPAIFANGXIANZHIFENWEISANLEI:(I)ZAISHISHIBIAOZHUNZHIRI,BIAO1GUIDINGDEXIANZHIZAI2009NIAN1YUE1RIZHI2010NIAN6YUE30RIQIJIANSHISHI;(2)DUIYUXINQIYE,SHISHIBIAO2GUIDINGDEXIANZHI;(SAN)GENJUHUANJINGBAOHUGONGZUODEYAOQIU,ZAITUDIKAIFAMIDUGAO、HUANJINGCHENGZAILIKAISHIJIANRUO、HUANJINGRONGLIANGXIAO、SHENGTAIHUANJINGCUIRUO、YANZHONGDEHUANJINGWURANWENTIXUYAOTEBIEBAOHUDEDIQUSHISHIBIAOSANGUIDINGDEXIANE。XIANRAN,BIAO1SHIDUILAOQIYEDEGUODUXINGGUIDING,QIDUISHUIWURANWUPAIFANGXIANZHIDEYAOQIUHENDI,BUZAISHIYONG。BIAO2SHIMUQIANSUOYOUQIYEBIXUSHISHIDEBIAOZHUN,BIAO3SHITEDINGDIQUZUIYANGEDEBIAOZHUN,DIANDUSHUIWURANWUPAIFANGDEXIANZHIZUIDI。

1.2DIANDUSHUIZHONGWURANWUJIANCEYAOQIU

GB 21900/2008HAOGUIDING,QIYEPAIFANGFEISHUIDEQUYANG,YINGDANGANZHAOGUIDINGDEWURANWUPAIFANGJIANCEDIDIANJIANCEHESHISHIDEWURANWULEIXINGJINXING。RUGUOYOUFEISHUICHULISHESHI,ZEYINGZAIGAISHESHIZHIHOUDUIQIJINXINGJIANCE。WURANWUPAIFANGJIANCEWEIZHIYINGSHEZHIYONGJIUXINGPAIFANGGANGBIAOZHI。GENJU“WURANYUANZIDONGJIANCEGUANLIBANFA”(GUOJIAHUANJINGBAOHUJUYUANDI28HAOFALING)[2]DEGUIDING,XINJIANDESHESHIYINGDANGANZHUANGWURANWUPAIFANGZIDONGJIANCEKONGZHISHEBEI,BINGYUHUANJINGBAOHUBUMENDEJIANCEZHONGXINLIANJIE,YIBAOZHENGSHEBEIDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING。QIYEWURANWUPAIFANGJIANCEDEPINLVHECAIYANGSHIJIAN,ANZHAOGUOJIAYOUGUANWURANYUANJIANCEJISHUGUIFANZHIXING。GENJUYOUGUANFALVHE“HUANJINGJIANCEGUANLIBANFA”(YUANGUOJIAHUANJINGBAOHUJUDI39HAOFALING)[3],QIYEYINGJIANCEPAIFANGZHUANGKUANG,BINGBAOLIUYUANSHIJIANCEJILU。CIWAI,GB 21900/2008HAILIECHULEQUEDINGQIYEPAIFANGWURANWUNONGDUDEFANGFA。

ZHUYAODEWENTISHICUNZAIDE2DEDIANLIUBIAOZHUN

2.1DADUOSHUKONGZHIXIANZHIBIFADAGUOJIAGENGYANGE。

CONGBIAO1[4]KEYIKANCHU,ZHONGGUODABUFENJINSHUWURANWUDEKONGZHIFANWEIBIMEIGUO、YINGGUOHEYIDALIDENGFADAGUOJIAYAOYANGEDEDUO。

LIRU,MEIGUOBIAOZHUNNIELIZIFASHEXIANZHISHI3.95HAOKE/ L [5],BIGBGAODEDUO21900-2008 0.1 mg / LDEYUDINGDE “BIAO2” 0.5HAOKE/SHENG,YIJI “BIAO3” GUIDING。NIEJINSHUWURANWUGEHEQIANDEXIANZHIZHONGGUODE“TEBIEPAIFANG”SHENZHICHAOGUOLESUOYOUFADAGUOJIA。KEYISHUO,ZHONGGUOSHIZUIGAOBIAOZHUNGB 21900-2008SHIJIEJINSHUWURANKONGZHIYIGE。

CIWAI,gb 21900-2008GUIDINGDEGETIDIANDUFEISHUIZHONGJINSHUWURANWUDEKONGZHIXIANZHIBIgb 5749-2006《SHENGHUOYINYONGSHUIWEISHENGBIAOZHUN》GUIDINGDEGENGWEIYANGE。RUDIANDUFEISHUIZHONGZONGTONGDEXIANXINGPAIFANGXIANZHIWEI0.5mg/L,YINYONGSHUIZHONGTONGDEKONGZHIXIANZHIWEI1mg/L,KEJIANgb 21900-2008ZHONGPAIFANGXIANZHIDESHEZHIFEICHANGBUHELI,ZAISHIJIANZHONGNANYISHIXIAN。

ee01.jpg

YOUYUGUOQINGDEBUTONG,GEGUODUIJINSHUWURANWUDEKONGZHIFANWEICUNZAIHENDACHAYI。RUHEKEXUEDIQUEDINGWURANWUKONGZHIDEJIXIANSHISHOUYAOWENTI。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,FADAGUOJIAZUIYANGEDEBIAOZHUNZAIWOGUOBUNENGZHIJIEYONGZUOBIAOZHUN,YINCIRENMENRENSHIDAO,WOMENDEBIAOZHUNSHISHIJIESHANGZUIXIANJINDEBIAOZHUNZHIYI,YINWEIXIANRANQUEFAKEXUEYIJU。KEZHIXINGXINGSHIPINGJIABIAOZHUNDEJUEDINGXINGZHIBIAO。FOUZE,BENBIAOZHUNDEZHIDINGJIANGHAOWUYIYI[6]。

CHAYIDEJISHUKEXINGXINGDE2.2GERENKONGZHIFANWEI

ZHEILIDEJISHUKEXINGXING,SHIZHIZHANGQIWENDINGHEKEKAODEFANGSHILAISHIXIANHEGUIXINGSHI,DAGUIMOGONGYESHENGCHAN(RUCHULISHUBAIDUNMEITIAN,SHENZHIJIQIANDUNDEDUNFEISHUI),BUJINZAISHIYANSHIJINGMIKONGZHIZAIKEXINGDETIAOJIAN。MUQIAN,YONGYUGONGYEFEISHUICHULIFANGFABAOKUOHUAXUECHENDIAN,LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHI,FANSHENTOU,WEISHENGWUCHULIDEFANGFADENG。

YIHANNIEFEISHUIWEILI,YANJIULEDIANDUFEISHUICHULIGONGCHENGGUIFAN(HJ2002/2010)ZHONGTUIJIANDEHUAXUECHENDIANFA、LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIFA、FANSHENTOUFASANZHONGCHULIFANGFADEJISHUKEXINGXING。

2. 2. 1 HUAXUECHENDIANFA

XIAGB 21900-2008,HANNIEDEFEISHUICHULIFANGFADEHUAXUECHENDIANDADAO0.5HAOKE/SHENGHUO0.1HAOKE/SHENGDEBIAOZHUN。RANER,GENJUHUAXUEFENXIDEYUANZE,ZHEIYIMUBIAOJIUWUFASHIXIAN。NIEYUANSUDEMOERZHILIANGWEI58.69KE/MOER。ZAIGONGCHENGZHONG,CHENDIANFANYINGSHIXIAOYUMUBIAONONGDUWEI10μmol/ L,YIBANRENWEIYIDADAOFANYINGDEZHONGDIAN。ZAINi2 +DEFANGMIAN,10μmol/ LDEXIANGDANGYU0.586 9HAOKE/ L。

ERGENJURONGDUJIYUANLI,Ni(OH)2DERONGDUJI(Ksp = 2 × 10−15)[7]YURONGJIEDU s(DANWEIWEI mol/L)CUNZAIRUXIAGUANXI:s =(Ksp/4)1/3。YOUCIKEYIJISUANCHU Ni(OH)2DERONGJIEDUWEI 7.9 μmol/L,JIRONGYEZHONG Ni2+DEZHILIANGNONGDUSHI 0.463 6 mg/L。

YINCI,CAIYONGHUAXUECHENDIANFASHIHANNIEFEISHUIDENIELIZIDADAOGB 21900-2008“BIAO2”GUIDINGDE0.5mg/LDEYAOQIU,DANBUKENENGDADAO“BIAO3”0.1mg/LDEYAOQIU,YINWEIDIANDUFEISHUIZHONGDENi2YILUOHEDEXINGSHICUNZAI,NIELIZIDESHIJIHANLIANGGAOYULILUNJISUANZHI[8-9]。

2. 2. 2 LIZIJIAOHUANFA

SHIYONGCHULIDEXIANZHIDIANPINGNIEDIANDUFEISHUISHISHUIJIECHENDIAN0.463 6HAOKE/ L。RUGUOZAIZHILIAODESUIHOUTONGGUOLIZIJIAOHUANDESHENDU,SUOSHULIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIYONGQING,NALIZIBIANHUAN,XITUO,YINWEITASHINIELIZIDENONGDUFEICHANGDIZAIRONGYEZHONG,NIELIZIKE“MANG”HE“JIACHI”ZAINALIZIDELIANGZAISHUZHIZHONGYOUCENGXIAOYING,DAOZHILIZIJIAOHUANGUOCHENGDESHIBAI。

2.2.3FANSHENTOU(RO)

CAIYONGFANSHENTOUFADUIDIANDUYUANQUDEGONGYEFEISHUIJINXINGLECHULIHEZAILIYONG,ZHUYAODUIFENLIDELUSHUIJINXINGNONGSUOHEZHENGFA,BINGTONGGUOZHENGLIUSHUIDEHUIYONGXINGCHENGHUNHEYANJIEJING,CONGERSHIXIANWEIXIANFEIWUDEZHUANYI。DANGCHANSHUILVWEI70%SHI,YUANSHUIHANYANLIANGBUNENGCHAOGUO1000 mg/L、CODHE100 mg/L,FOUZEFANSHENTOUMOHENKUAIJIUHUISHIXIAO。RANER,DUIYUDIANDUYUANQUDEGONGYEFEISHUI,WEILEMANZUZHEIYISHEJIYAOQIU,BIXUCONGYUANFEISHUIZHONGQUCHUGAI、TIE、LVDENGLIZITI。YINCI,FANSHENTOUFAYEBUJUBEIGONGYEHUASHENGCHANDEJISHUKEXINGXING。

CONGGONGYEDEJIAODULAIKAN,CHANGGUIDEFEISHUICHULIFANGFAYENANYISHIXIAN“LINGPAIFANG”。DANGRAN,SUIZHEKEXUEJISHUDEBUDUANJINBU,RENLEICHUANGZAOGENGXIANJINDEWUSHUICHULIJISHUDEQIANLI。DANZUIZHONGSHANGSHENGDAOXINGYEBIAOZHUNDEJISHU,TABIXUSHIKEKAODE,WENDINGDE,NENGGOUZAIGONGYESHENGCHANJISHUDEDAGUIMOTOUZI,ERBUSHIHAICHUYUTANSUOJISHUSHIYANJIEDUAN,ERZAIGONGYESHENGCHANZHONG,BIXUZAIJINGJISHANGKEXING,HELIDEJISHU,ERBUSHIJINGJIXIAOYIDIDEJISHU。

2.3GERENKONGZHIXIANDUCHAOGUOJIANCEXIANDU。

GB 21900TUIJIANLELIANGZHONGCEDINGSHUIZHIZHONGNIEDEFANGFA:SHUIZHIZHONGNIEDECEDING(GB/T 11910≤,1989NIAN)HEHUOYANYUANZIXISHOUFENGUANGDUFA(GB/T 11912≤,1989NIAN)。CEDINGXIAXIANFENBIEWEI0.25mg/LHE0.2mg/L[10],BUNENGMANZU0.1mg/LDEYAOQIU。BUTUIJIANDEJIANCEFANGFAYOUGAOCHENGBENDEDIANGANOUHEDENGLIZITIZHIPUFAHEDIANGANOUHEDENGLIZITIFASHEGUANGPUFA(JIANBIAO2)。PUTONGWUSHUICHULIZHANHEHUANJINGBAOHUJIANCEZHANGENBENMEIYOUZHEIYANGDESHEBEI,HENNANCHENGDANXIANGGUANDEJIANCEFEIYONG。

ee02.jpg

GB 21900-2008BIAOZHUN,BUFENZHIBIAOCHAOGUOLEDADUOSHUHUANJINGSHIYANSHEBEINENGLIDEJIANCEXIAN,BUJUBEISHOUFA“QIANGZHIZHIXING”ZHIFA“YEWU”HEJIANCESHEBEI,“KEYIPANDINGXINGBIE。”ZAIZHEITAIXIANSHIQIJIUHENNANSHIXIAN,ZHEISHIDENGYUBIAOZHUNDEZHIDINGYIYISHANGDESUNSHI。

2.4CHEJIANJISHENGCHANSHESHIPAIFANGKONGZHIBUHELI

GB21900/2008ZAIZONGPAIFANGKOUHECHEJIANHUOSHENGCHANSHESHICHUKOUJUNYOUPAIFANGXIANZHI。ZONGPAIFANGKOUSHIZHIDIANDUYUANQUHUODIANDUQIYEWAIBUHUANJINGDEPAIFANGKOU,BIXUYANGEKONGZHIPAIFANGXIANZHI,GUIDINGDIANDUYUANQUHUODIANDUQIYEDUISHEHUIDEHUANBAOZEREN。RANER,"CHEJIANHUOSHENGCHANSHESHIFEISHUIPAIFANGKOU"DEPAIFANGRONGYEMEIYOUZHIJIEPAIFANG,DANYEXUYAOJINXINGCHULIHEBUFENXUNHUAN。ZHIYOUDANGCHULIDADAOPAIFANGYAOQIUSHI,PAIFANGRONGYECAIHUILIUCHUZONGPAIFANGKOU。YINCI,KONGZHICHEJIANHUOSHENGCHANSHESHIPAIFANGKOUDEWURANWUXIANZHISHIWUYIYIDE,XIANGFAN,BULIYUSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGSHUIDEZAILIYONG,ZHIYUELEFEISHUICHULIGUOCHENGDECHUANGXIN,YEDAILAILEJUDADEBUHELITOURUHEGUANLICHENGBEN。DANGRAN,HAIKEYIKANDAO"CHEJIANHUOSHENGCHANSHESHIFEISHUIPAIFANGKOU"DEJIANCEDIANSHEZHIWEIFANGZHIXISHIPAIFANG[10]。ZHEIKENENGSHIYONGYUDULIDEDIANDUQIYE,DANDUIYUJUYOUJIZHONGSHIFEISHUICHULIDEDIANDUYUANQUXIANRANSHIBUHELIDE。

KENENGDAOZHICONGDANGQIANBIAOZHUN3SHENKEDEYINGXIANG

3.1YAOQIUDEGAOBIAOZHUN,HENNANDADAOKONGZHIWURAN

DANGFEISHUIPAIFANGBIAOZHUNYAOQIUGUOGAO(RUDIANDUFEISHUIZHONGTONGDEPAIFANGJIXIANGAOYUYINYONGSHUIWEISHENGBIAOZHUN)SHI,DIANDUQIYESHENZHIKEYIPAIFANGZILAISHUI,KENENGSHUYUWUSHUIPAIFANGXINGWEI。XIANYOUDIANDUQIYEWULUNSHIFOUDUISHENGCHANFEISHUIJINXINGCHULI,DOUNANYIDADAOGUOJIABIAOZHUN。ZHEIDADATIGAOLEQIYEDESHOUFACHENGBEN,SUNHAILEQIYECHULIGONGYEFEISHUIDEJIJIXING。2017NIANYIQIAN,YIXIEQIYEZHINENGZAIJIANCHADESHIHOUTINGCHAN,BUJIANCHASHIJIAN,ZHAOCHUDICHENGBENDEBANFALAICHACHUGELEIHUANJINGBAOHUBUMENDEJIANCHA。ZHEIYANZHONGWEIBEILEZHIDINGPAIFANGBIAOZHUNDECHUZHONG,JIWURANWUZHILIDEYOUXIAOSHISHIDAILAILEKUNNAN。

3.2BUQIESHIJIDEBIAOZHUN,ZENGJIALEHUANBAODUCHAZHIFABUMENDEKUNNAN

XIANYOUBIAOZHUNYOUXIEZHIBIAOBUJUBEIJISHUKEXINGXINGHEJINGJIKEXINGXING,BINGMEIYOUQIANGZHIZHIXING。RUGUOZHEIXIEBIAOZHUNDESHISHI,JIANGYOUKENENGDAOZHIPOCHANSHOUFAQIYEGUANBI,HUOHUANBAODUCHALIUYUXINGSHI。SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,HUANBAOBUNENGZHENZHENGGUANCHE,WURANXINGYEJIXUGUANBI,WURAN,RANHOUGUANBI,RANHOUWURAN......DENGDENG,WUXIANXUNHUAN,WURANKONGZHI,CONGLAIMEIDEDAOJIEJUE。

3.3DIANDUGONGYIDEGUODUXIANZHIPOHUAIZHENGGECHANYELIAN

WANZHENGDEGONGYEXITONGSHIYOUBUTONGDEXINGYE,BUTONGDEGUOCHENGZHICHIWUZHONG。GUOMINJINGJIDEZHENGCHANGFAZHANBIRANDAILAISHENGHUODEZENGZHANGBILIZHONGGEXINGGEYEDEXIEDIAO。RENWEIDISHIJIAXIANZHIHUOJINZHITEDINGXINGYEHUOSHENGCHANGONGYI,ZHICHENGZHENGGECHANYEDEPOHUAI,TAHENKENENGHUIDAOZHIDUANLIEZHENGGECHANYELIAN,JINERYINGXIANGJINGJIZENGZHANG。TABUNENGWANCHENGHUOSHIXIANBINGCAIYONGXINGYEFAZHANDEBIAOZHUNDEZHIYUE,TONGSHIYEYOUSUNYUKEXUEHEYANSUXINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGGUOJIABIAOZHUN。

4 GUANYUXIUDINGXIANXINGBIAOZHUNDEJIANYI

GONGYEFEISHUIPAIFANGBIAOZHUNSHIPANDUANPAIWUQIYESHIFOUWEIFADEZHONGYAOYIJU,SHIGELEIHUANJINGBAOHUFALVFAGUIDEJIBENFALVWENJIAN。YINCI,GB21900BIAOZHUNBIXUANZHAOJISHUKEXINGXING、JINGJIKEXINGXINGHEKEZHIXINGXING(HUOKECAOZUOXING)DEYUANZEJINXINGXIUDING。ZUOZHERENWEI,ZAISHENGTAIHUANJINGBUZHUGUANBUMENDELINGDAOXIA,HUANJINGKEXUEYANJIUYUANYINGZAIXIANGGUANXINGYEXIEHUIDECANYUXIA,SHIJICAOZUO,XINGCHENGZHUANYEBIAOZHUNYANJIUXIAOZU,DUIBIAOZHUNJINXINGXIUDING。WEIBAOZHENGBENBIAOZHUNDEKEXUEXING、GONGYIXINGHEGONGPINGXING,JUJUEZHIJIELIYIDEDANWEIHEQIYECANJIA。

BEIJINGXIANZHIZAIWOMENDEHUANJINGSHUIWURANWU4.1SHIJIDELEJIE

TONGCHANG,HELIU、HUBOHEHAIYANGHEQITADIBIAOSHUIHANYOUMOUXIEWURANWU。ZAIZUIJIASHUIZHIQICELIANGDEWURANWUHANLIANGSHIHELIU、HUBOHEHAIYANGDEBEIJINGZHI。LILUNSHANG,ZHIYAOCHULIHOUGONGYEFEISHUIZHONGWURANWUDEHANLIANGDIYUGAIBEIJINGZHI,JIUBUHUIZAOCHENGHUANJINGWURAN。SUOCHULIDEGONGYEFEISHUIDADAOYINYONGSHUIHUOSHENZHIGAOCHUNDUSHUIDESHUIPINGDEYAOQIUDUIYUSHUBAIWANDUNDETIANRANSHUITILAISHUOSHIWUYIYIDE,BINGQIELANGFEILEJUDADECAIZHENG、RENLIHEWULIZIYUAN。YINCI,BUTONGSHUIHUANJINGXIADEBEIJINGZHIYINGGAIBEIRENWEISHIQUEDINGFEISHUIPAIFANGXIANZHIDEKEXUEYIJU,YINGZUOWEIPANDUANSHIFOUZAOCHENGHUANJINGWURANDEYIJU。WEILEBAOZHENGBEIJINGSHUJUDEZHUNQUEXINGHEKEKAOXING,JIANYI3~5GEHEGEDECESHIJIGOUYINGTONGSHIFABUCESHIBAOGAO。RUGUOCHAYIYANZHONG,KEXUANZEGUOJIZHIMINGDECESHIJIGOUJINXINGZHONGXINCESHI。

4.2KEXUEQUEDINGGONGYEFEISHUIWURANWUKONGZHIXIANZHI

ZAIZHENGGEZAIZUIJIATIAOJIANXIAGUOJIAGEWURANWUDEPAIFANGHEHOUTAISHUJUNENGLIDEJICHUSHANG,KAOLVDAOBUTONGSHENGSHIDESHIJIQINGKUANG,GENJUXIANYOUDEHEKENENGSHIXIANWENDINGKEKAODEGONGYEYINGYONGDIBIAOSHUIDEGUANGFANSHOUJIJINQIWUSHUICHULIJISHUHESHEBEI,JIANKONGSHEBEIHEJIANCEDESHUIPINGNENGLI,HUANJINGJIANCEJIGOU,GEJI,YIJIDABUFENDIANDUQIYEDESHIJICHENGSHOUNENGLIHECHULINENGLI,ANZHAOJISHUKEXINGXING,JINGJIKEXINGXINGHEKESHISHIDEDEWURANWUDEKONGZHIXIANZHIDEYAOQIULAIYANJIUHEQUEDING。

4.3JIEJIANGUOWAIWUSHUIGUANLIHEJIANDUDEXIANJINJINGYAN。

2012NIAN,ZHONGGUOBIAOMIANGONGCHENGXIEHUIZUZHILEYICIDUIMEIGUOHUANJINGBAOHUJUDEFANGWEN,YILEJIEMEIGUODEHUANJINGBAOHUFALVFAGUI。MEIGUOHUANJINGFALVFAGUIDEMUDESHIMINGQUEDE:BAOHURENLEIJIANKANG,BAOHURENLEILAIYISHENGCUNDEHUANJING、KONGQI、SHUIHETUDI。

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